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terms and definitions

alliteration the repition of initial constant sounds in words in a sentence. Examples sweet smell of success, a dime a dozen, bigger and better, jump for joy
antagonist principal character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not a person but an obstacle such as force of nature, society, or inner conflict
antonym a word that is opposite of another word
author's purpose why did the author write this selection? Is the purpose to entertain, to inform, or to persuade? Skim the selection and attempt to determine the author's purpose before you read the selection
autobography the story of a person's life written by the person
biography the story of a person's life written by another person
cause and effect cause statements stem for the actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the action or event
characterization the method an author uses to communicate information about the characters to a reader. The methods include(1) the characters appearance, (2) the characters action, (3) the characters thougths, (4) the characters conversations, and 5 the reactions of other
climax the moment when the action of the story just before the resoulution. It is part of the story just before where you are pretty sure you know what is going to happen to the main character.
compare and constrast compare means to show simularities and contrast means to show differences
conclusion the end of the reading selection
conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature Character vs. character conflict between characteristics such as family conflict, trouble with a bully or difficulties inn romance. This type of conflict is external.Character vs. nature a conflict between a
connections text to self; world; or text. The reader can connect what he has read with something else
context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words
dialogue the actual words the character speaks.
evaluate to examine and judge
exposition the backround information that the author provides about the setting, plot, character, or other essential story elements
expostitory text text written to explain and convey information
fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader
fact vs. opinion is it something that can be proven true, or is it just someone elses point of view
falling action the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramtic tension; this occurs just before the resolution
fiction any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
figurative language language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.
flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time; flashback is often used to provide additional information to the reader.
folktales stories passed through generations
foreshadowing a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story
generalization when you make asumptions about different events and or charadters and apply them to new situations
genre categories of literature
graphic organizer a diagram that is used to represent information
homonym two or more words that sre pronounced alike but have different meanings.
hyperbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.
imagery words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to image each of the senses
inference reading between the lines. Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already knowto make an assumption.
irony a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words are saying.
judge to say something is good or bad
limerick light or humorous verse
metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as.
mood the overall feeling created by the authors words
narrator the speaker of the story
nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform
onomatopoeia words whose sounds express their meaning
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together
paraphase restate in your own words.
personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects
plot the events that occur in the story begining with the setting and ending with the resolution
poetry writing that expresses ideas through rythmic patterns and figurative language
point of view per
prediction making and educated guess as to what will happen next
prefix letters added to the begining of a word to change its meaning
protagonist the central character in a story that is the "good guy."
reaction/react offer your own opinion of the reading material
resolution occurs at the end of the story and includes the story's action after the climax
rising action the part of the story, including the exposition, which builds to the climax
root word a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added
sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
setting the environment of time and place where the action of a story occurs
simile a comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as.
suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning
summarizing a concise (short yet detailed) explanation of a reading selection
supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage
suspense techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
symbol two or more words that have highly similar meanings
theme the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader
tone the cluesof the story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story
visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading
voice voice is the author's style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique
Created by: 2014oxeallm
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