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terms and definitions

Alliteration The repetitio of initial consonant sounds in words in a sentence.
Antagonist Principal character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not a person but an obstacle such as force of nature, society or inner conflict.
Antonym A word that is an opposite of another word
Authors Purpose Why did the author write the selection? Is the purpose to entertain, to inform, or to persuade? Skim the selection and attempt to determine the author's purpose before you read the selection.
Autobiography The story of a person's life written by the person.
Biography The story of a person's life written by another person
Cause and Effect Cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the event or action.
Characterization The method an author uses to communicate information about the characters to the reader. The methods include: (the characters appearence,(2)the characters actions,(3)the characters thoughts,(4)the character's conversations,(5)the reactions of others towar
Climax The moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point. This usually occurs at the end of the story just before the resolutions. It is the part of the story where you are pretty sure that you know what is going to happen to the main character.
Compare and Contrast Compare means to know similarities and contrasts means to show differences
Conclusion The end of the reading selection
Conflict Struggle between opposing forces of literature
connections text to delf;world;or text. The reader can connect what he has to read with something else
Context Clues Information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words
Dialogue The actual words that the character speaks
Evaluate To examine and judge
Exposition The backround informationthat the author provides about the setting, plot, character or the other essential story elements
Expository Text-text written to explain and convety informtion about a specific topic
Fable A narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader
Fact vs. Opinion Is it something that can be proven to be true
Fallin Action The part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension;this occurs just before the resolution
Fiction Any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact
Figurative Language Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.(personification, metaphor similie,hyperbole)
Flashback Technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time;flashback is often used to provide additional information to the reader
Folk Tales Stories passed through generations
Foreshadowing A writng technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later on in the story
Generalization When you make assumptions about different events/or characters and apply them to new situations
Genre Categories of literature-mystery,horror,suspense realistic, sports, historical, adventure,etc.
Graphic Organizer A diagram that is used to represent information-Venn Diagram, T-Charts, Sequence Chart, Cause-and-Effect, etc.
Homonym Two or more words that are pronounced alike but but have different meanings. Example: aunt/ant or eight/ate
Hyperbole An exaggerted staement used to make a strong effect
Imagery Words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses: smell, touch, sight, hearing, and taste
Inference Reading between the lines. Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption
Irony A tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying
Judge to say if something is good or bad- if you like it or not
Limerick Light or humorous verse
Metaphor A comparison between to unlike things notusing like or as
Mood the overall feeling between the author's words
Narrator the speaker of the story
Nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform. Nonfiction communicates knowledge about real people, events, and/or situations
Onomotopeia words that expresses their meaning
Oxymoron Putting two words together
Paraphrase Restate in your own words. AS paraphrase is a retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas
Personification Giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects
Plot The events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution
Poetry Writng that expresses ideas through rythmic patterns and figurative language
Point of View Perspective from which the story is being told. The main points of view are first person(uses the pronoun I), third person limited and third person omniscient (uses the pronouns he,she,it,they)
Prediction Making and educated guess as to what will happen next
Prefix letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning
Protagonist The central character in a story that is the "good guy"
Reaction/React offer your own opinion of the reading material
Resolution Occurs at the end of the story and includes the story's action after the climax
Rising Action The part of the story, and including the exposition, which builds to the climax
Root Word A word to which prefixes and suffixes are added
Sequential Order Order in whichthe events in the story are presented to the reader
Setting The enviroment of time and place where the action of the story occurs
Simile A comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as
Suffix Letters placed in the end of a word to change its meaning
Summerizing A short detailed paragraph
Supporting details details that support the main ideas of the passage
Suspense Techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next
Symbol an image,object,character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
Synonym Two or more words that have the same meanings
Theme The underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader. Theme may be thought of as the lesson or moral of the story
Tone The clues of the story that suggests the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story
visualization Thev ability to "see" what you are reading
voice Voice is the authors style, quality that makes his or her writing unique
Created by: 2014PayAnnM



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