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terms and definitions

alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words in a sentence. ex:sweet smell of success.
antagonist principal character in opposition to the protagonist.
antonym a word that is the opposite of another word.
autobiography the story of a persons life written by the person.
biography the story of a persons life written by another person.
cause and effect cause statements stem for actions and events and effects are what happen as a result of the event or action.
characterization the method an author uses to communicate info about the characters to the readers. ex:the characters appearance.
climax the movement when the action of the story comes to its highest points.
compare and contrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
conclusion the end of the reading selection.
conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature.
authors purpose why did the author uses to communicate information about the characters to the reader.
character vs character a conflict between characters such as family conflict trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance
character vs nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado,avalanche, extreme weather conditions or any type of nateral disaster.
character vs self this internal conflict because the struggle takes place in a characters mind.
connections text to self world or text. the reader can connect what he has read with something else.
context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
dialogue the actual words that the character speaks.
evaluate to examine and judge
exposition the background information that the author provides about the setting,plot.
expository text text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic.
fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
fact vs opinion is it something that can be proven to be true or is it just someone else point of view.
falling action the part of a story following the climax.
fiction a story which is filled with imaginary things instead of fact
figurative language language that cannot be taken literally
flashback is often used to provide additional information to the reader
folktales stories passed through generations
foreshadowing a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will later happen in a story.
generalizations when you make assumptions about different events
genre categories of literature
graphic organizer a diagram used to present information
homonym two or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings
hyperbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.
imagery words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses: smell, touch, sight hearing and taste.
inference reading between the lines. taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
irony a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying
judge to say if something is good or bad-if you like it or don't.
limerick light or humorous verse.
metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as. Example: Joe is a lion on the playing field.
mood the overall feeling created by the author's words.
narrator the speaker of the story.
nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform
onomatopoeia words whose sounds express their meaning for an example: buzz crash clang hiss purr squeak mumble hush boom.
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together.
paraphrase restate in your own words. a paraphrase is retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas.
personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
plot the events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution
poetry writing that expresses ideas through rhythmical patterns and figurative language
point of view perspective from which the story is being told.
prediction making and educated guess as to what will happen next.
prefix letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
protagonist the central character in a story.
reaction/react offer your own opinion of the reading material.
resolution occurs at the end of a story and includes the story's action after climax.
rising action the part of the story, including the exposition, which builds to the climax.
root word a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
setting the environment of time and place where the action of a story occurs.
simile a comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as.
suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
summarizing a concise explanation of a reading selection. a summary contains only the main ideas.
supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage.
suspense used by the author to keep the readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
symbol an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
theme the underlining message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader.
tone the clues of the story that suggest the writers own attitude toward elements in the story.
visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading.
voice voice is the author's style the quality that makes his or her writing unique.
Created by: jenniferjbh



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