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Reading

terns and defintions

QuestionAnswer
alliteration The repetion of initial consonant sounds in a sentence.sweet smell of success.
antagonist principal character in opposition to the protagnist. somtimes not a person but an obstacle such as force of nature, society or inner conflict.
Antonym a word that is the opposite of another word
Authors purpose Why did the author write the selection? is the purpose to entertain,to inform or pursuade?Skim the selection and attempt to determine the author's purpose before you read the selection.
autobiography the story of a persons life written by the person.
Biography The story of a persons life written by another person
Cause and effect cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the event or action
characterization The method an author uses to communicate information about the characters reader. the methoda iniclude: the characters appearance, the characters actions, the characters thoughts, the charaters conversations.
Climax The moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point. This usually occurs at the end of the story just before the resolution.
Compare and contrast Compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences
Conclusion The end of the reading selection
conflict the stuggle between opposing forces in literature
Character vs. Character a conflict between characters such as family conflict, trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance. this type of conflict is external.
Character vs. Nature A conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado, avalanch,weather condtions or any type of natural disater. This type of conflict is external.
Character vs. self takes place in a characters mind. the character has to decide between two different descions.
Connections text to self;worl;text. the reader can connect what he has read with something else.
context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out he meanings of challinging words.
dialogue the actual words that the character speaks
evaluate to examin and judge
Exposition The backround information that the author provides about the setting, plot,character or other essential story elements
Expository text text written to explain and convey infrmtion about a spesific topic
Fable a narritive intend to convey a moral or lesson to the reader
Fact vs. opinion Somthing that can be proven true,or someones point of view.
Falling action The part of the story thats after the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension; occurs befor resolutin.
Fiction Any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative Language Languge that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.
Flash Back a tecnique in which the autohr interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time.
Folktales stories passed through generations.
Foreshadowing a written technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.
generalizations when you make assumptions about different events and or characters and apply them to new situations.
genre categories of literature
Graphic organizer a diagram that is used to represnt informtion.
Homonym two or more words that aound the same but look different. eight and ate.
hyperbole an exaggerated used to make a strong effect. "i'm dying of thirst"
Imagery words or phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the sences. smell, touch
inferences reading between the lines. taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
irony A tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying.
Judge To say if something is good or bad-if you like it or you don't.
Limerick Light or humoruos verse.
Metaphor a comparisom between two unlike things without using the words like or as.
mood the overall feeling created by the author's words.
Narrator the speaker of the story.
non-fiction A writing that is true and the purpose is to inform.
onomatopoeia Words whose sounds express their meaning.
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together. Example Jumbo shrimp.
Paraphase restate in your own words.
Personification giving lifelike Charateristics to a non-living object.
Plot the events that occur in the story begiinig with the setting and ending with the resolution.
poetry writing that expresses the idea through rythmic patterns and fugurative language.
point of view perspective from which the story is being told.
Third person limited point of view the story is told from the view pint of a character.
Third Person omniscient point of view instead of being a charater in a story , the narrator is outside the story so the thoughts of all of the characters are presented.
prediction Making an educated guess as to what will happen next.
Prefix Letters added to the beginning of a word to change the meaning.
Protagonist The central character in a story that is the "good guy"
Reaction/react offer your own oppinion of the reading material.
Resolution occurs at the end of the story and includes the story's action after the climax.
Rising action The part of the story, including the exposition, Which builds to the climax.
Root Word a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Sequential order order in which the events in the story occur.
Setting the enviornment of time and place where the action of a story occurs.
Simile a comparison using the words like or as.
suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change it's meaning
Summarizing a concise a short yet detailed explanation of a reading selection.
Supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage.
Suspense techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
symbol an image, object,charater, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
Synonym two or more words that mean the same or nearly the same meaning.
theme the underlying message of the selection that the autor is trying to convey or communicate to the reader.
tone the clues of the story that suggest the writers own attude towards elements in the story
visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading
voice is the authors style...the qualite that makes their writing unique.
Created by: BaiIvoL