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reading

terms/definitions

QuestionAnswer
the repitition of initial consonant sounds in words in a sentence.(bigger and better) alliteration
principle character in opposition to the protagonist. sometimes not a person but an obstacle such as a force of natire, society, of inner conflict antagonist
a word that is the opposite of another word antonym
the author's reason of writing the selection. (entertaining, inform, and persuade) skim the selection and attempt to determine the author's purpose before you read author's pupose
the story of a person's life written by that person. autobiography
the story of a person's life written by another person biography
cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the event of action cause and effect
the method an author uses to communicate info about the characters to the reader characterization
the high point, turning point, or most exciting point of the story, which usually happens towards the end of the story climax
to show similarties compare
to show differences contrast
the end of the reading selection conclusion
a struggle between opposing forces in literature conflict
a conflict between characters, and is external (family conflict, bullying) character vs. character
a conflict between a character and a force in nature, and is external (tornado, extreme weather) character vs. nature
a struggle taking place within a character's mind, and is internal (deciding between right and wrong) character vs. self
text to self, world, or text connections
info within the selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of words they don't know context clues
the words the characters speak dialouge
to examine and judge evaluate
the background info that the author provides about the setting, plot, character, etc. exposition
text written to explain and convey info about a specific topic expository text
a narrative intended to explain and convey info about a specific topic fable
deciding if something that can proven to be true, or if it is just someone else's point of view fact vs. opinion
the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension, occurs just before the resolution falling action
any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact fiction
language that can't be taken literally since it was written to create an effect (simile) figurative language
technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time, provides extra info flashback
stories passed through the generations folktales
a writing techniqu that give readers clue to about events that will occur next in the story foreshadowing
when you make assumptions about events and characters and apply them to new situations generalizations
catagories of literature (mystrey, realistic) genre
a diagram that is used to represent info (venn diagram, t-chart, etc) graphic organizer
two or more words that are pronouce alike but have different meanings (two, to, too) homonym
an exaggerated statment used to make a strong effect hyperbole
words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the 5 senses imagery
taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already to make an assumption inference
a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean the opposite of the words that they are saying irony
to say if something is good or bad judge
light or humorous verse limerick
a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as metaphor
the overall feeling created by the author's words mood
the speaker of the story narrator
writing that is true and the purpose is to inform nonfiction
words whose sounds express their meaning (buzz, squeak, etc) onomatopoia
putting two contradictory words together (jumbo shrimp, pretty ugly, etc) oxymoron
to restate in your own words paraphrase
giving lifelike or human characteristics to nonhuman or inanimate objects personification
the events that occur in story, beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution plot
writing that expresses ideas through rhythmic patterns and figurative language poetry
the perspective in which the story is being told. first person uses pronouns like "i", and third person limited and omniscient. (uses pronouns he, she, they) point of view
making an educated guess on what will happen next prediction
letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning prefix
the central character in the story that is the "good guy" protagonist
offing your own opinion of the reading material reaction
occurs at the end of the story and includes the story's actions after the climax resolution
the part of the story, including the exposition, which builds to the climax rising action
a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added root word
order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader sequential order
the environment of time and place where the action of a story occurs setting
a comparison between two unlike things by using like or as simile
letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning suffix
a short and detailed explanation of reading materials, and only contains main ideas summarizing
details that support the main idea of the passage supporting details
techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next suspense
an image, object, character, or action that stands for something else symbol
two or more words that have similar meanings synonym
the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader, and may be thought of as the message or moral of the story theme
the clues of the story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story tone
the author's style, or the quality that makes their writing unique voice
Created by: 2014BalAnnC