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reading

terms and definitons

QuestionAnswer
Alliteration the reepetiton of initial consonant and sound in words in a sentene.
Antagonist principal character in opposition to the protagonist.Sometimes not a person but an obsticle such as a force of nature,society or inner conflict.
Antonym a word that is the opposite of another word.
Author's purpose why did the author write the selection?Is the purpose to entertain,to inform ot to persuade?Skim the selection and attempt to determine te author's purpose before you read the selection.
Autobiography a story of a person's life written by the person.
Biography the story of a person's life written by another person.
Cause and effect cause statement stem for acions and events, and effects are what happen as result of the event or action.
Characterization ways authors determine a characters characterization, such as appearance,actions made by character,thoughts,conversations,and reactions toward other characters.
Climax the moment when the ation in the story have come to its highest point.This accurs right before the resolution.This is the part where you know whats going to happen to the main character.
Compare and Contrast compare means to show similarities and contras means to show differences.
Conclusion The end of the reading selection.
Conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature
Character vs. Character a conflict between characters such as family conflict,trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance.Thjis type of conflict is external.
Character vs. Nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado,avalanche,extreme weather conditions or any type of natural disaster.This type of conflict is external.
Character vs.Self this is an external conflict because the struggle takes place in a character's mind.For example ,a character may have to decide between right and wrong or between two solutions to a problem.
Connections text to self;world;or text. The reader can connect what he has read with something else.
Context clues information withing the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
Dialogue the actual words that the character speeks.
Evaluate to examine the judge
Exposition the background information that the author provides about the setting,plot,character or other essential story elements.
Expository Text text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic.
Fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
Fact vs. Opinion is it something that can be proved n to be true,or is it just someone's elses point of view?
Falling action the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension;this occurs just before the resolution.
Fiction any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative Language Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.(personification,metaphor,simile,hyperbole)
Fashback technique in which the author interruptsthe plor of the story to recreat an inccident of an earlier time.
Folktales stories passed through generations.
Foreshadowing a writing technigue that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.
Generalization when you make assumptions about different events or characters and apply them to new situations.
Genre Categories of literature-mystery,horror,suspense, sports,historical,adventure,ect.
Graphic Organizer a diagram that is used to represetn information-venn Diagram,T-chart,Sequence,Chart,Cause -effect chart,ect.
Homonym two or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings.
Hyperbole an exxageration statement used to make strong effect.
Imagery words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses.
Inference reading between the lines.Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
Irony A tone that is created when the speaker intendsto mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying.
Judge to say if something is good or bad-if you like it or you don't.
Limerick light or humorous verse.
Metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as.
Mood the overall felling by the author's words.
Narrator the speaker of the story.
Nonfiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform.Nonfiction communities knowledge about real people,events,and /or situation.
Onomatopie words whose sound express their meaning.
Oxymoron putting two contrdictory words together.
Paraphrase restate in your own words. A paragraph is a retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas.
Personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
Plot the events that occurs in the story begining with the setting and ending with the resolution.
Poetry writing the expresses ideas through rythmitic patterns and figurative language.
Point of view perspective from which the story is beign told.The main points of view are first person (uses the pronoun 1),thrid person limited and the third omniscient (uses the pronouns he,she,it,they).
Thrid person limited Point of view the stry is told from the view -ppoint of a character;as a result the reader is only exposed to what that character experiences
Third person Omniscient point of view "all knowing;" instead of beign a character in the story ,the narrator is outside the story so the thoughts of all the characters are presented.
Prediction making an educated guess as to what will happen next.
Prefix lettera added tot eh begining of a word to change its meaning.
Protagonist the central character in a story that is the "good guy".
Reactiojn/react offer your own opinion of the reading material.
Resolution occurs at the end of a story and includes the story 's action after the climax.
Resolution occurs at the end of a story and inlludes the story's action after the climax.
Risisng action the part of the story,including the exposition,which builds to the climax.
Root word a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Sequential Order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
Setting the enviroment of time and place where the action accurs.
Simile a comparison between two unlike things by using the word like or as.
Suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
Summarizing a concise(short yet detailed)explanation of a reading selection. A summary contains only the main ideas.
Supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage.
Suspense techniques used by the author to keep readers intrested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
Symbol an image,object,charater, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning. :)= happy or smile
Synonym two or more words that have highly similar meanings.
Theme the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader.Theme may be thought of as the lesson or moral of the story.
Tone the clues of the story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story.
Visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading.
Voice voice is the author's style , the quality that makes his or her writing unique.
Created by: chicky