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terms and definitions

alliteration the repitition of constant sounds in words in a sentence.
Atagonist principal character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not person but an obstacle such as a force of nature, society, or inner conflict.
Antonym a word that is the oppisite of another word.
Author's Purpose Why did the author write this selection? Is the purpose to entertain, inform, or to persuade?
Autobiography a story of someones life written by the person.
Biography a story of someones life written by another person.
Cause and Effect cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects happen as a result of the cause.
Characterization the method an aouthor uses to communicate information about the characters to the readers.
Climax the moment when the action of a story comes to its highest point.
Compare and Contrast compare means to show similarites and contrast means to show differences.
conclusion the end of the readind selection.
Conflict struggle between two opposing forces in literature.
Character vs Character a conflict between characters such as family conflict, trouble with a bully, or difficulties in romance.An external confict.
Character vs Nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado, or avalanche. An external conflict.
Character vs Self this is an internal conflict because the struggle takes place in the characters mind.
connections text to self, world, or text. The reader can connect what he has read with something else.
Context Clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the readings of challenging words.
Dialouge the actual words that the character speaks.
Evaluate to examine and judge.
Exposition the introduction of a story.
Expository Text text written to explainand convey information about a specific topic.
Fable a narritive intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
Fact vs Opinion it is something that can be proven to be true,or it is just someone else's point of veiw.
Falling Action the part of the story following the climaxwhere there is a sharp declinein dramatic tension, this occurs just before the resolution.
Fiction any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative Language language that can not be tacken literally since it was written to create a special affect.
Flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate a incident of an earlier time.
Folktales stories passed through generations.
Foreshadowing a writing technique that gives readers cluesabout events that will happen later in the story.
Generalizations when you make assumptions about different events and/or characters and apply them to new situations.
Genere categories of literature.
Graphic organizer a diagram that is used to represent information.
Homonym two or more words that are pronounced alike, but have different meanings.
Hyberbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.
Imagery words words and phrases used specifically to help the reader imagine each of the senses.
Inference reading between the lines.
Irony a tone that is created when the speaker intends that which is oppisite to the words they are saying.
Judge to say if something is good or bad.
Limerick light or humorous verse.
Metaphor a comparision between two unlike things without using like or as.
Mood the overall feeling created by the authors words.
Narrator the speaker of the story.
Non-fiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform.
Onomatopeia words whose sounds express their meanings.
Oxymoron putting two contradictory words together.
Paraphrase restate in your own words.
Personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
Plot the events that occur in th story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution.
Poetry writing that expresses ideas through rhythmitic patterns and figurative language.
Point of view perspective from which the story is being told
Prediction making and educated guess as to what will happen next.
Prefix letters added to the beginnig of a word to change its meaning.
Protagonist the central character in a story that is the "good guy."
Reaction/React offer your own opinion of the reading material.
Resolution occurs at hte end of a story and includes the story's action after the climax.
Rising Action the part of the story, including the exposition which builds to the climax.
Root word a word in which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Sequential Order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
Setting the place where a story takes place.
Simile a comparision between two unlike things by using the word like or as.
Suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meanings.
summarizing a concise explanation of a reading selection.
supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage.
suspense techniques used by the author to keep the reader interested in the story and wonder what will happen next.
symbol image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
synonym two or more words that have highly similar meanings.
theme the main idea or moral of a reading selection.
Tone the clues of the story that suggests the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story.
Visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading.
Voice voice is the author's style, the quality that makes his or her writing unigue.
Created by: SulTimP



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