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terms and definitions

Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words in a sentence.
Atagonist Principal character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not a person but a obstacle such as a force of nature, society or inner conflict.
Antonym A word that is opposite of another word.
Autobiography A story of a person's life writen by the person.
Biography A story of a person's life writen by another person.
Cause and Efffect Cause statements stem for actions and events, and effects are what happens as a result of the event or action.
Characterization The method an auther uses to communicate information about the characters to the reader.
Climax The moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point.
Compare and Contrast Compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
Conclusion The end of the reading selection.
Conflict Struggle between opposing forces in literature.
Character vs. Character A conflict between characters such as family conflict, trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance.
Character vs. Nature A conflict between a character and a force of nature such as a tornado, avalanche, xtreme weather conditions or any type of natural disaster.
Character vs. Self This is an internal conflict because the struggle takes place in a character's mind.
Connections Text to self; world; or text. The reader can connect what he has read with something else.
Context Clues In formation within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
Dialouge The actual words that the character speaks.
Evaluate To examine and judge.
Exposition The backround informationthat the auther provides about the setting, plot, character or essential story elements.
Expository Text Text writen to complain and convey information about aspecific topic.
Fable A narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
Fact vs. Opinion Is it something that can be proven to be true, or is it just someone else's point of view?
Falling Action The part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension; this occurs just before the resolution.
Fiction Any story that is a product of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative Language Language that can not be taken literally since it was writen to creat a special effect.
Flashback Technique in which the auther interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of earlier time; flashback is often used to provide additional information to the reader.
Folktales Stories passed through generations.
Foreshadowing A writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.
Generalizations When you make assumptions about different events and/or characters and apply them to new situations.
Genre Catigories of literature-mystery, horror, suspence, realistic, sports, historical, adventure, ect.
Graphic Organizer A diagram that is used to represent information-Venn Diagram, T-chart, Sequence Chart, Cause-Effect Chart, ect.
Homonym Two or more that are pronounced alike but have different meanings.
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.
Imagery Words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to image each of the sences: Smell, touch, sight, hearing, and taste.
Inference Reading between the lines.
Irony A tone that is created whenthe speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying.
Judge To say if someone is good or bad-if you like ti or you don't.
Limerick Light or humorous verse.
Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as.
Mood The overall feeling created by the auther's words.
Narrator The speaker of the story.
Nonfiction Writing that is true and the purpose is to inform.
Onomatopoeia Words whose sounds express their meaning.
Oxymoron Putting two contradictory words together.
Paraphrase Restate in your own words.
Personification Giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
Plot The events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution.
Poetry Writing that expresses ideas through rythmitic patterns and figurative language.
Point of View Perspective from which the story is being told.
Prediction Making and educated guess as to what will happen next.
Prefix Letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
Protagonst The central character in a story that is the "good guy".
Reaction/React Offer your own opinion of the reading material.
Resolution Occurs at the end of the story and includes the story's action after the climax.
Root Word A word to which prefixes and suffixes are added.
Sequential Order Order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader.
Setting The environment of time and place where the action of a story occurs.
Simile A comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as.
Suffix Letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
Summarizing A consice explanation of a reading selection.
Supporting Details Details that support the main idea of the passage.
Suspence Techniques used by the auther ot keep the readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
Symbole An image, object, character or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
Synonym Two or more words that have highly similar meanings.
Theme The underlying message of the selaction that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader.
Tone The clues of the story that suggest the writers own attitude toward elements in the story.
Visualization The ability to "see" what you are reading.
Voice Voice is the auther's style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique.
Created by: kracons



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