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apologia module 4

used for studying for tests and quizzes

Are most fungi autotrophic or heterotrophs? Most are heterotrophs
Are the fungi mostly parasitic or saprophytic? Most are saprophytic but some are parasitic
Where do fungi digest their food? They digest their food outside of the bodies
What is Extracellular digestion? Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
How to fungi reproduce? All fungi reproduce by making spores
What is a Mycelium? The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food.
What is Hypha? A filament of fungal cells
Is the mycelium a root system for the mushroom? No. The mycelium exists through the entire mushroom
What is a hyphae that is part of the mycelium called? It is called a rhizoid hypha.
What is a rhizoid hypha? A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grow.
What are rhizoid hyphae responsible for? They support the fungus and digest the food.
What is a aerial hypha? A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grow
What is sporophore? Specialized aerial hypha that produces spores
What is a Stolon? An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments
What is a haustorium? A hypha on a parasitic fungus that enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm
What is a chitin? A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility?
Created by: Zoe Bushway