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OPP Cranial Dysfunct

WVSOM -- OPP1 -- Cranial Vault dysfunction

QuestionAnswer
What does the neurocrainum consist of? crainal vault and cranial base
What is the cranial vault? portiion of the skull that overlies the brain
What is the cranial base? portion which underlies the brain
What are the unpaired bones of the skull? sphenoid, occiput, ethmoid, mandible and vomer
How do unpaired bones move? like the gears ofa clock driven by SBS movement
What is the general movement of unpaired bones? flexion and extension
What are the movements of the paired bones? external and internal rotation
What does external rotation correspond with? SBS flexion
What does internal rotation correspond with? SBS extension
What are the paired bones? frontal, parietals, temporal, nasal bones, maxillae, zygomatic bones, inferior conchae, lacrimal bones and palatine bones
What does the cranial vault consist of? frontal, greater wings of sphenoid, squamous potions of temporal bones, two parietal bones and interparietal occiput
What are the sutures of the cranial vault? lambdoidal, occiptiomastoid, squamous, sphenosquamous, sphenofrontal and sphenoparietal
Which suture can you easily make people sick with? occiptomastoid suture
How do the four bones of the skull overlap? in alphabetical order form the inside to the outside of the skull
What are vault bones formed from? membrane
What are basilar bones formed from? cartilage
When is there no articular surfaces of sutures? before third year of life
What are the 3 components of motion in the vault bones? rotation, side bending and separation
What is rotation in reference to? individual axes
What is side bending in reference to? SBS
What 5 bones does the parietal bone articulate with? contralateral parietal, frontal, occiput, sphenoid and temporal
How does rotation of the parietal bone move? it follows the overlapping of the temporal bone
What is external rotation of the parietal bone? external rotation rotates about the axis to carry the sphenoid angle anterolaterally. The mastoid angle moves more laterally and anteriorly
How do somatic dysfunctions of the parietal bones include external and internal rotation? headaches, idiopathic epilepsy, local pain and children show impulsive aggressiveness
How do you treat parietal restricted movement? parietal lift
What 12 bones does the frontal bone articulate with? parietals (2), sphenoid, ethmoid, lacrimals (2), maxillae (2), nasals (3), and zygomatic bones (2)
How is the frontal bone able to act as a paired bone? metopic suture
How many axis does the frontal bone have? 2
How is the frontal bone rotated from external rotation? frontal bones are turned by the sphenoid in such a way that the zygomatic angles move forward and slightly downward
How do the posterial borders of the frontal bone move in external rotation? laterally to widen the ethmoid notch posteriorly
How do dysfunctions of the frontal bone present with? frontal headaches, frontal sinus problems, eye disturbances, nasal pathology and antisocial tendancies
How do you treat restricted frontal movement? frontal lift
What does each temporal bone articulate with? occiput, parietal, sphenoid, zygomatic bone and mandible
How does external rotation of the temporal bone present? rotation of the squamous portions diverge increasing the lateral diameter of the skull while the mastoid portions converge
How do temporal bone dysfunction present? hearing problems, Eustachian tube dysfunction, dizziness, tinnitus, bell’s palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, otitis media, jaw popping/TMJ syndrome
How is restricted temporal mobility treated? temporal decompression
How are paired bones rotated? internally and externally
What is V-spread technique? treatment for tenderness or vcranial bone restriction
How do unpaired/midnline bones move? flex/extend
In cranial motion, the vault ___________ the cranial base. follows
How is dysfunction of the cranial vault caused? prenatal, perinatal or incidental trauma and/or underlying strain patterns.
Created by: tjamrose