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terms and definition

reading terms for PSSA

Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sound in words in a sentence.
Antagonist Principal character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not a person but an obstacle such as a force of nature, society or inner conflict.
Author's Purpose why did the author write the selection?
Autobiography The story of a person's life written by the person
Biography The story of a person's life written by another person.
Cause and Effect The cause of something and the effect that happened after that
Characterization The method and author uses to commmunicate information about the character to the reader
Climax The exciting part in the story
Compare and contrast Compare means similarities and contrast means differences
Conclusion The end of the reading selection
Conflict Struggle between opposing forces in literature
Character vs. Character Character fight of have conflict between each other example of conflict
Connections text to self something that relates to regular life
Context clues Info within the text that helps figure the meaning of words
Dialogue The actual words that the character speaks
Evaluate To examine and judge
Exposition The introduction of characters and setting
Expository text Text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic
Fable A narrative intended to convey a moral of lesson to the reader
Fact vs. Opinion Something that is proven to be true or false
Falling Action Part of story that happens after suspenseful part
Fiction Any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact
Figurative language Personification, metaphor, simile, hyperbole
Flashback Time in the past that has important things
Folktales Stories passed through generations
Forshadowing A writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story
Generalizations An assumption about different events or characters
Genre Catergories of literature
Graphic organizer a diagram that is used to represent info
Homonym Two or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings
Hyperbole And exaggeration statement
Imagery words and phrass used specifically to help the reader to iimagine each of the senses
Inference To make an assumption using what you already know
Irony A tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying
Judge To say if something is good or bad1
Limerick light or humerous verse
Metaphor comparison between two unlike things
Mood The overall feeling that is created by the author's words
Narrator The speaker of a story
Nonfiction A story that is true
ONomatopoeia Words that make a sound
Oxymoron Two words that have opposite meanings
Paraphrase Restate in your own words
Personification Giving lively characteristics to inanamite objects
Plot Events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution
Poetry Writing that expresses ideas through rhythmic patterns
Point of view Perspective from which the story is told
Prediction Making and educated guess as to what will happen next
Prefix Letters added to the beginning of a word
Protagonist The central character in a story
Reaction Reaxt Offer your own opinion of the reading
Resolution occurs at the end of a story
Rising action The part of a story including the exposition, which builds the climax
Root word A word to which prefixes and suffixes are added
Sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader
Setting The environment of story
Simile A comparison using like or as
Suffix letters placed at the end of the words
Summarizing a concise explanation of a reading selection
Supporting details details that support the main idea of the passage
Suspense exciting parts in the story
Symbol An image, or object
Synonym two or more words that have highly similar meanings
Theme Lesson or moral of the story
tone Clues of the story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story
Visualization The ability to 'see" what you are reading
Voice Voice is the author's style
Created by: 2014hatthom



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