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Research Methods

Sociollogy class

Median Is a mid-point in a given list of data
Mean One must add up the numerical value of each response and divide it by the total # of respondents. "Average'
Mode Is a # that occurs Most FreQuently in a given set of data.
Variable A characteristic or factor that can Change or vary, from one indiviual, group or situation to another.
Questionaire Research A list of closed- ended questions that respondents are asked to fill out.
Longitudinal Study Research that is conducted over an extended period of time. Ex: divorced parents and the effect on the children
Data Information that needs Statistical Interpretation.
Negative Whenone variable increases, and a second varible decreases. 'Inverse"
Participant Observation In this stituation the Reseacher becomes involved in the activities of their subjects, while observing what is happening in that setting.
Generalization Is a statement about the recurrent relationships between particular variables. It is often accuarte,but not specific to whom it applies too. Ex:Some Students will recieve A-F, but do not WHO will get them
Personal Interview A form of research Conversation in which a specfic list of questions are asked of the respondent. Ex: Verbal w/a detail response
Hypothesis A prediction about the outcome of manipulated variables. Predictions from a Therory
Sample A portion of indiviuals from among your Target Population used to generalize the attitudes of society as a whole.
Analysis The process of interpreting data usally through Statistical Measurements.
Probabilty Argues that generalizations will hold good only under specific conditions, because if Circumstances Change, other variables might come into play and influence the exsiting relationship.
Research Method A 7 step-process that sociologists use to collect dats.
Hawthorne Effect Occurs when a subject Behavior Changes, when they know they are being observed or evaluated. Ex: trying to impress your boss
Natuarlistic Observation In this method the researcher observes their subjects at a distance w/out revealing their identity or intentions.
Random Sample This method id designed to ensure that each subject has an Equal Chance of being selected into a research study. Ex: Lottery
Causation Occurs when one variable Influences the Outcome of a second variable. Ex: smoking causes lung cancer
Independent Variable This is the variable that is Manipulated by researchers to determine its influence on the outcome of the second set of variables."Cause or Reason" Ex: Abuse-therapy or homework, test
Spurious This occurs when both variables appear to be Statistically related, but not Logically acceptable. Ex:A causes B, B causes A, C causes Both A and B (unseen variable C)
Experiment This is the process of Scientific Analysis in which independent variables are introduced, to determine their effect on other variables. Control & Experiment groups are treated diffrently to see the outcome
Dependent Variable This is the Outcome of manipulated variables, which is then Measured by researchers to detrmine its Overall Significance. "Effect" Ex: Your Final Grade
Correlations Are the established Statistical Relationships between particular variables.
Created by: Kimberlee
Popular Psychology sets

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