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science

chapter 10 vocab

TermDefinition
energy the ability to do work or cause change
state the form in which matter exists
solid a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
liquid a state of matter that has no definite shape, but a definite volume
gas a state of matter with no definite shape or volume
freezing point the temperature at which a liquid freezes
boil to heat a liquid to the point at which it changes to a gas
boiling point the temperature at which a liquid boils
potential energy the an object has because of its position; also the internal stored energy of an object, such as energy stored in chemical bonds
kinetic energy energy that an object has due to its motion
energy transformation a change from one form of energy to another
law of conservation of energy the rule that energy cannot be created or destroyed
friction the force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub against each other
temperature how hot of cold something is
fahrenheit scale the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees
celsius scale the temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees
kelvin scale the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter
absolute zero the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter
heat the transfer of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
convection the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of a fluid
convection current the movement of a fluid, cause by differences in temperatures, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another
radiation the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
conduction the transfer of thermal energy from one particle of matter to another
Created by: gabbypowell