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SLS Bio11 Ecology JE

TermDefinition
Carrying Capacity The number of people or other living organisms, or crops that a region can support without environmental degradation
Cellular Respiration Metabolic reactions that use the energy primarily from carbohydrate but also fatty acid or amino acid breakdown ATP molecules
Chemical Equations A symbiotic representation of what happens when chemicals come in contact with one another
Climax Community Community that results when succession has come to an end
Commensalism Relationship where one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
Consumer Organism that feeds on other organisms in a food chain; p consumers eat plants, And S consumers eat animals
Cyclic Growth The food cycle growth
Decomposer A bacteria or fungus that breaks down other organic matter into nutrients that are then recycled into the environment
Density-Dependant Factors Biotic factor sush as disease and competition, that affects population size according to the populations density
Density-Independant Factors Abiotic factors such as fire and flood that affect population size independent of the population density
Ecological Succssion The gradual process by which ecosystems change and develop over time. Nothing remains the same and habitats are constantly changing
Energy Flow Gradual replacement of communities in an area following a disburance (sec). Or creation of new soil (pri)
Logistic Growth Occurs when the growth rate decreases as the population reaches carrying capacity
Mutualism A relationship where both organisms benefit
Parasitism A relationship in which one species (parasite) in terms of growth and reproduction to harm the other species
Photosynthesis Process where plants make their own energy from the sun
Pioneer Species Are a hardy species which are the first to colonize previously disrupted or damaged ecosystems.
Population Group of organisms of the same species occupying a certain area in the ecosystem
Producer Photosynthetic organism at the start of a grazing food chain that makes its own food. eg. Plants , trees, flowers, bugs, etc
Products Substance that forms as the result of a reaction
Pyramid of Energy Shows the energy flow in an ecosystem
Reactants Substance that participates in a reaction
Steady State Is a more general situation than dyanamic equilibrium
Symbiosis Relationship that occurs when 2 different species live together in a unique way it may be beneficial, neutral, or detrimental to one and or the other species
Exponential Growth Growth particularly of a population in which the increase occurs in the same manner as compound interest
Created by: jerskine