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Constitution Two

What happened in Philadelphia in May 1787? Representatives from 12 states came to Philadelphia to heed the Continental Congress's call to "take into consideration the situation in the United States".
How did the delegates ignore their specific orders and instructions? They were supposed to meet to revise the AoC but delegates ignored it and began writing the U.S. Constitution.
What four things did the delegates agree on? They agreed on human nature, the causes of political conflict, the objects of government, and the nature of a republican government.
What did the delegates believe about human nature? They believed people were naturally self-interested and that government should play a key role in containing these impulses.
What did the delegates believe was the most important cause of political conflict? The distribution of wealth was the source of political conflict.
What is a faction? Groups such as parties or interest groups, which arose from the unequal distribution of property or wealth and had the potential to cause instability in government.
Define the majority faction The many who have little or no property.
Define the minority faction The few with property.
How would EACH (majority and minority factions) try to tyrannize each other? The majority would try to seize the government to reduce the wealth of the minority; the minority would try to seize the government to secure its own gains.
What happens to governments run by factions and what did the framers intend to do about it? They are prone to instability, tyranny, and even violence.They intended to check the effects of factions.
What did the framers think was the principal object of government? The preservation of property
What type of government did the framers believe would work? Power should be set against power so that no one faction would overwhelm the others. Limited government.
Tyranny would be prevented so long as what was true? As long as no faction could seize the whole of government at once.
What three issues occupied more time than any other at the Convention? Issues of equality, the economy, and individual rights.
Contrast the New Jersey Plan with the Virginia Plan. NJ - equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of its population. VA - equal representation of each state in Congress in proportion to that state's share of the US population.
What did the Connecticut (Great) Compromise create? Two houses of Congress
Describe both parts of the institution (the Connecticut (Great) Compromise). The House of Representatives, in which representation is based on a state's share of the US population; and the Senate, in which each state has two representatives.
What was the Compromise intended to do? Intended to maximize equality among the states
What did the Connecticut (Great) Compromise actually do? It gave more power to people who lived in states with small populations than to those who lived in more heavily populated states.
Created by: Matti