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Constitution One

What two things is a constitution? A nation's basic law that creates political institutions, allocates power within government, and often provides guarantees to citizens. And an unwritten accumulation of traditions and precedents that have established acceptable means of governing.
Define natural rights Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments, which include life, liberty, and property. The concept of natural rights was central to English philosopher John Locke's theories about government & widely accepted among America's Founders.
What are three natural rights? life, liberty, and property
Explain consent of the governed and limited government The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of the people (people must agree on ruler). The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens (what rulers can and cannot do).
What is the sole purpose of the government? and how did this contrast with traditional notions about government? The sole purpose was to protect natural rights.Certain things were beyond the realm of government contrasted with the traditional notions about the kings having absolute power and rights over their subjects.
Explain the right to revolt Locke argued that people have a right to revolt against a gov. that no longer has their consent, but only when these injustices become deeply felt.
Why is the natural rights philosophy so important in American history? Jefferson and his colleagues used natural rights to shape the Declaration of Independence, and as a basis for ideas and ideologies regarding the rights of citizens and the role of government.
Define the Articles of Confederation 1st US constitution. It established a national legislature (strictly limited powers), Continental Congress. States had one vote, there was no president and no national court.
What LEVEL of government dominated this government (AoC)? State
Why was this (What LEVEL of government dominated this government (AoC)?) the case? Most power in state legislature so there was no chance of tyrannical rule.
What ONE BRANCH of government did exist on a national level? Legislative
Briefly describe (What ONE BRANCH of government did exist on a national level?) Congress had few powers outside maintaining an army and navy and little $. Lacked power to regulate commerce (weak economy and no foreign trade). managed policies for the western frontiers. Eventually sold off western lands to spectators, and printed $.
What TWO branches of the national government did not exist? Executive and Judicial
What two economic powers did the national government lack? Could not compel states to do anything, and it had no power to deal directly with individual citizens.
What problems did this(What two economic powers did the national government lack?) cause? in general Prevented it from dealing with the hard times that faced the new nation.
What one power did the Continental Congress have and how was even this limited? Could maintain an army and navy, however they had to go through states to get the funds since they could not tax, so they eventually voted to disband the army.
In general, what was true of the national government? It was weak
How were states expanding freedom during this time? They adopted bills or rights to protect freedoms, abolished religious qualifications for holding office, and liberalized requirements for voting.
What happened in Shay's Rebellion? It was a series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by Rev. War Capt. Daniel Shays to block foreclosure proceedings.
How did Shay's Rebellion scare the economic elite? People had taken the law into their own hands and violated the property rights of others.
How did Shay's Rebellion reveal the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Because neither Congress nor the state could raise a militia to stop them, and the elites had to assemble a privately paid force to do it.
Created by: Matti



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