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A&P Body Terminology

A&P Body Sections

TermDefinition
dorsal (back) cavities cranial and vertebral
ventral (front) cavities thoracic (anything above diaphragm), abdominopelvic
minor cavities oral, nasal, orbital (eyes), middle ear
serous membranes: visceral covers an organ
serous membranes: parietal lines a cavity or body wall
serous membranes: pleural lungs (visceral, parietal, and pleural cavity)
serous membranes: pericardial heart (visceral, parietal, pericardial cavity and fibrous (thick) membrane)
serous membranes: peritoneal most organs in abdominopelvic cavity (parietal, visceral, and peritoneal cavity)
integumentary system skin (protects tissues; temperature regulation)
skeletal system bones, ligaments, cartilage (a framework, protects soft tissues, produces bone marrow and stores inorganic salts)
muscular system smooth muscle (causes movement, produces body heat, maintains posture)
nervous system nerves (electrical impulses detect changes and receive sensory information)
endocrine system glands (uses chemical, not electrical communicators, that come from hormone-secreting glands)
cardiovascular system heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
lymphatic system lymph nodes, thymus, spleen (immunity aid)
digestive system mouth, pharynx, pancreas, gall bladder, stomach, large and small intestines
respiatory system nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea, lungs
urinary system kidneys, ureter system, bladder, urethra
male reproductive system scrotum, testes, vans deferens, urethra, penis (produces and maintains semen, delivers sperm, makes testosterone)
female reproductive system vulva, uterus, ovaries (protects and maintains eggs, delivers sperm to eggs, develops fetus)
superior above
inferior below
anterior/ventral towards the front
posterior/dorsal towards the back
medial near midline
lateral further from midline
ipsi-lateral same side
contra-lateral different side
proximal closest to trunk
distal further from trunk
superficial near skin surface
deep within the body
internal inside body
external outside body
saggital/medial divides body into right or left halves
transverse/horizontal divides body into superior and inferior portions
coronal plane rear half
frontal plane front half
cross section straight in half against the grain (round organs)
oblique section diagonally cut (round organs)
longitudal section with the grain; in half
abdominal regions: top right and left hypochondriac
abdominal regions: middle right and left lumbar
abdominal regions: bottom right and left ilac
abdominal regions: top middle epigastric
abdominal regions: mid middle umbilical
abdominal regions: bottom middle hypogastric
Created by: rstrietzel