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Biology Module 3

using this to study for test

QuestionAnswer
Are the organisms in Kingdom Protista eukaryotic or Prokaryotic? They are all eukaryotic
What two main groups are kingdom Protista divided into? It is divided into subkingdom Protozoa and Subkingdom Algae
Are protozoa heterotrophic or autotrophic? They are heterotrophic
Are algae heterotrophic or autotrophic? They are autotrophic
What are the four major phyla in subkingdom Protozoa? Phylum Mastigophora, phylum Sarcodina, phylum Ciliophora, phylum Sporozoa
What are the five major phyla in subkingdom Algae? Phylum Chlorophyta, phylum Chrysophyta, phylum Pyrrophyta, phylum Phaeophyta, phylum Rhodophyta
What is the locomotion method of Phylum Sarcodina? Pseudopods
What is the locomotion method of Phylum Mastigophora? Flagellum
What is the locomotion method of phylum Sporozoa? None.
What is the locomotion method of phylum Ciliophora? Cilia
What is the habitat, organization, and cell wall of phylum Chlorophyta? Habitat: Fresh water; organization: Single celled; Cell wall: Cellulose
What is the habitat, organization, and cell wall of phylum Chysophyta? Habitat: Marine and fresh water; Organization: single cells, some colonies; cell walls: Silicon dioxide
What is the habitat, organization, and cell wall of phylum Pyrrophyta? Habitat: Marine; Organization: Single cells; Cell walls: Cellulose or atypical
What is the habitat, organization, and cell wall of phylum Phaeophytal? Habitat: Cold marine waters; Organization: Multipule cells; Cell Walls: Cellulose and alginic acid
What is the habitat, organization, and cell wall of phylum Rhodophyta? Habitat: Warm marine waters; Organization: Multiple cells; Cell Wall: Cellulose
What is a pseudopod? A temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used of locomotion or engulfing food
What are the parts of Amoeba Proteus (member of phylum Sarcindina)? Pseudopod, nucleus, contractile vacuole, food vacuole
What is the nucleus? The region of a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's main DNA
What is the Vacuole? A membrane-bounded "sac" within a cell
What are the two types of vacuoles? Food vacuole and contractile vacuoles
What is the purpose of the contractile vacuoles? It removes excess water and reduces pressure
What is the purpose of the food vacuole? It hold and stores food while it is being digested
What is the ectoplasm? The thin, watery cytoplasm near the plasma membrane of some cells
What is the endoplasm? The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells
What is a flagellate? A protozoa that propels itself with a flagellum
What are the parts to a typical Euglena? Pellicle, chloroplast, nucleus, contractile vacuole, flagellum, eyespot
What is a pellicle? A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane
What is the purpose of the pellicle? retains cells shape
What is the purpose of the chloroplast? An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis
What is the purpose of the eyespot? Detects light
What is the purpose of the cilia used for locomotion
What is the purpose of the oral groove? Food intake and conjugation
What is a chloroplast? An organelle containing chlorophylle for photosynthesis
What is a chlorophyll? A pigment necessary for photosynthesis
Do Euglenas produce sexually or asexually? Asexually
How do euglena obtain food? They can either live on dead remains of other organisms or can produce its own food by photosynthesis
What is Symbiosis? A close relationship between two pr more species where at least one benefits
What is Mutualism? A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where all benefit from the association
What is commensalism? A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
What is parasitism? A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
What are the types of symbiosis? Mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism
What are the parts of a Paramecium? Cilia, micronucleus, macronucleus, contractile vacuole, food vacuole, gullet, oral groove, oral pore
What is the cilia? Hair-like projections that extend from the plasma membrane and are used for locomotion
Why does the paramecium need do nucleus? This paramecium require a large amount of energy to live, mostly because of the rapid movement of their cilia.
What is the difference between the micronucleus and macrocnucleus? Macronucleus controls metabolism and the micronucleus controls reproduction
What is a spore? A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating
What disease does Genus Plasmodium cause? Malaria
What is a Plankton? Tiny organisms that float in the water
What are Zooplankton? Tiny floating organisms that are either that are either small animals or protozoa
What are Phytoplankton? Tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae
What is a colony of algae often referred to as? Thallus
What is a thallus? The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems
What is an algal bloom? When algae reproduce so rapidly that they essentially take over their habitat making the water appear the same color as the algae themselves.
What is a cellulose? A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls of many organisms
What are diatoms? The phylum that contain more that 1,000 different species
What are diatoms's cell walls composed of? Silicon dioxide
What are holdfasts? A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself
What is a Sessile colony? A colony that uses holdfast to anchor itself to an object
What are the species in genus Fucus called? It is called rocked
What are the members of Phylum Rhodophyte often referred to as? Red algae
Created by: Zoe Bushway