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PSSA terms

QuestionAnswer
Alliteration the repitition of begginning consonant sounds in words in a sentence.
Antonym a word that is the opposite of the other word
Antagonist main character in opposition to the protagonist.
Author's purpose the authors reason or intention for writing the selection.always ask yourself, is the purpose to entertain, inform, or persuade? Determine the purpose before you read the selection.
Autobiography the story of a person's life written by that person
Biography the story of a persons life written by a different person.
Characterization the method an author uses to communicate information about the characters.
Compare and Contrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
Climax the moment when the action of the story comes to the highest point. Usually occurs right before the resolution.
Conclusion the end of a reading selection
Conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature
Character vs. character a conflict between characters such as a family conflict, trouble with a bully or difficulties in romance.( External)
Character vs. Nature a conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado, avalanche, or a natural disaster. ( External)
Character vs. Self this is an internal conflict becuase the struggle takes place in a characters mind.Ex: decide about fellings or what is right or wrong.
Connections text to self; world;or text. The reader can relate to what he has read to something else
Context clues information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
dialogue the actual words that the character says to another character.
Evaluate to examine and judge; to say if something is good or bad; if you like it or not.
Exposition the backround information that the author provides about the setting, plot, characters,or other essential story elements.
Expository text text written to explain information about a specific topic.
Fable a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
Fact vs. Opinion fact is something that can be proven to be true, and opinion is it just someone else's point of view.
Falling Action the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp dicline of in the dramatic tension; this occurs just before the resolution.
Fiction any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
Figurative language language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.
Flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an inncident of an earlier time.
foreshadowing technique in which the author provides the reader with clues about the events that will happen later in the story.
generalization when you make assumptions about different events and/or characters and apply them to a new situation.
genre catogories of literature such as biography, mystery, historical, sports, and romance.
graphic organizer an organizational picture, such as a venn diagram or webbing, that helps the learner identify the important elements
homophone/homonym two or more words that are pronounced alike but have different meanings.EX: too, to, two
hyperbole an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.
Imagery words or phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses.
inference reading between the lines, taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption
irony a difference between what is expected and what actually happens. Dramatic irony, situational irony are the 2 types.
Dramatic irony occurs when an event is the dirct opposite of what the reader and characters thought would happen.
Situaltional irony occurs when there is a contradiction between what the character thinks and what the reader knows to be true.
metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as.
mood the overall feeling created by the author
Narrator the speaker of the story
Nonfiction wrting that is true and the purpose is to inform communicates knowledge about events real people, events, or situations
onomatopoeia words whose sounds express their meaning
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together
paraphrase restate in your own words. a retelling of the reading selection that includes more then just the main ideas.
plot the events that occur in the beginning of the story with the setting and ending with the resolution
point of view perspective from which the story is being told.
limited point of view the story is told from the point of view of a character, as a result the reader is only exposed to what that character experiences
omniscient point of view all knowing, instead of being a character i n the story, the narrator is outside the story so the thoughts of the characters are presented
Prediction making an educated guess to what will happen next
Prefix letters added to the beginning of words to change its meaning
protagonist the central character in the story that is the "good guy".
personification giving lifelike charcateristics to inanimate objects
resolution occurs at the end of a story and includes the story's actions after the climax
rising action the part of the story, including the exposition, which builds to the climax
root word a word in which prefixes and suffixes are added
sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader
setting the environment time and place of where the action of a story occurs
simile a comparison between two unlike things using like or as.
suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning
summary a concise explanation of the reading selection. contains only the main ideas
supporting details details that support or back up the main idea of the passage
symbol an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
synonym two or more words that have highly similar meaning
theme the underlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader. the lesson or moral of the story
tone the clues of the story that suggests the writers own attitude toward elements in the story
visualization the ability to "see" what you are reading
voice the author's style,the quality that makes his or her writing unique
Created by: 2014BruRyaJ