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Rocks Review

QuestionAnswer
How are rocks classified? origin; how they form
What is the sequence in the formation of a sedimentary rock? erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
Foliated and nonfoliated are examples of what type of rock? metamorphic
What has to happen in order for a metamorphic rock to become an igneous rock? melting and cooling of molten material
What are the raw materials or "ingredients" in a sedimentary rock? sediments
Moving through the rock cycle, what kinds of rocks can sedimentary rocks become? igneous, metamorphic, and other sedimentary
Marble, gneiss, and slate are all examples of what type of rock? metamorphic
Define sedimentary rock. A rock formed from the erosion, depositions, compaction, and cementation of sediment
What process in the formation of a sedimentary rock loosens and carries away sediment? erosion
What is the order in how a sedimentary rock forms? erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
Where are metamorphic rocks created? deep inside Earth's crust
What type of rock would you most likely find at the bottom of a sea bed? sedimentary rock
What has to happen for an igneous rock to become a sedimentary rock? erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
What type of sedimentary rock is coal? organic
How do geologist group clastic rocks? by their grain size
What are the 3 types of rocks? igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Conglomerate is a type of ___________ sedimentary rock? clastic
What causes a metamorphic rock to form? heat and pressure
Gneiss is a metamorphic rock formed from what igneous rock? granite
Slate is a type of __________ metamorphic rock. foliated
Why is gneiss considered a foliated metamorphic rock? Because it has stripes and bands
How and where do intrusive igneous rock form? they form beneath the Earth's surface by the cooling of magma
Granite, obsidian, and pumice are all examples of what type of rock? igneous
What process in the formation of a sedimentary rock does sediment settle out or drop? deposition
What are the raw materials (ingredients) needed to create an igneous rock? lava or magma
Conglomerate, shale, and limestone are all examples of what type of rock? sedimentary
Created by: c_foy