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Health Assessment

Muscular/skeletal/neurological

QuestionAnswer
Describe the shape and surface of the spine Has 4 curves (Double S shape); cervical and lumbar curves are concave (inward); thoracic and sacrococcygeal curves are convex (outward);
What are some health history questions used to collect subjective data for muscular-skeletal info Joints- pain, swelling, stiffness?; Muscle- pain, cramps, weakness? Bones- pain, deformities, fractures, sprains, dislocations; functional assessment- any care deficiency in normal daily routine; pt. centered care- occupational hazards, lifestyle choices
What are some health history questions for collecting neurological subj, data Headaches- usual/frequent? Injury? Dizziness? Seizures? Weakness/ incoordination? numbness or tingling? difficulty swallowing? Difficulty speaking? any past history?
What are some health history questions for collecting mental subjective data LOC?
Document characteristics noted in inspection, palpation of muscles, and bones and joints joints and muscles symmetric; no swelling masses, masses, deformity; normal spina curvature; no tenderness to palpation of joints; no heat, swelling, or masses; full ROM; movements smooth; no crepitus;able to maintain flexion against resistance
When assessing muscle strength, how would you rate results? On a scale of 0-5; 5/5- (normal); 4/5- (slightly weak), 3/5- against gravity not resistance (average weakness); 2/5- passive ROM (poor M); 1/5- slight flicker (Severe weakness); 0/5- paralysis
Describe various functions of central nervous system Consists of brain and spinal cord; Acts as body's command center; interprets sensory input;
Describe the functions of the peripheral nervous system carries info to and from CNS; two kinds of cells: motor and sensory
Identify the assessment techniques used for the brief neuro-check Use in emergencies or when frequent assessments are needed to detect rapid neuro change; LCO, Pupillary, movement & strength of extremities; sensation in extremities, vital signs
What tests would you perform when assessing for sensation, balance, and coordination? Rhombergs test- balance; Superficial pain/ superficial touch- sensation; motor& cerebellar- rapid finger to nose test- coordination
What are principles of health promotion related to muscular- skeletal system Adequate intake of calcium, exercise, practicing good posture, etc
Created by: amandamarie194