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PSSA terms

Definitions

QuestionAnswer
what is an alliteration? It is the repetition of begining consonant sounds in words in a sentence. Example sweet smell of success, a dime a dozen, bigger and better, jump for joy.
What is an antonym? It is a word that is the opposite of another word.
What is Protagonist? It is the central character or hero in a story, usually, the "good guy" or the one with whom the audiences identify.
What is the Authors Purpose? It is the author's reason or intention for writing the selevtion. Always ask yourself- is the purpose to ENTERTAIN. to INFORM, or to persuade? Skim the selection and attempt to determine the purpose BEFORE you read the selection.
What is an Autobiography? It is the story of a person's life wriiten by the person.
What is a Biography? It is the story of a person's life written by another person.
What is Characterization? It is method author uses to communicat information about the characters to the reader.the character's appearance, the characters actions, the character's thoughts, the character's conversations, and the reactions of other characters towards the character.
What is direct characterization? It is when the author of the story tells the reader directly about the actions, personality, and physical appearance of the character.
what is Indirect characterization? It is when the author of the story tells the reader directly about the character; instead of the reader has to infer what the character is like based on the character's thoughts, actions, and conversation.
What is it to compare and contrast? It means to show similarities and contrast means to show differences.
What is the climax? It is the moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point. This usually occurs at the end of the story just BEFOR the resolution.
What is the conclusion? The conclusion os the end of the reading selection.
What is the conflict? the conflict is the struggle between opposing forces in literature.
What is Character vs. Character? Conflict between characters such as a family conflict trouble with a bully difficulties it can be a character struggling against force in nature A character can also have an internal conflict where his is struggling agains something within himself.
What are connections? It can be text to self, world, or text. the reader can cnnect what he has read with something else.
What are context clues? Context clues are the information within the reading selection that helps the reader figure out the meanings of challenging words.
What is dialogue? It is the acutal words or conversation that the character says to another character.
What is it to Evaluate? It is to examine and judge.
What is the explicit? It is referring to specific text that is included in the reading passage or directions.
What is the exposition? It is the background information that the author provides about the setting, plot, character or other essential story elements.
What is the expository text? It is the text written to explain and convey information about a specific topic.
What is a fable? It is a narrative intended to convey a moral or lesson to the reader.
What is fact vs. opinion? It is something that can be proven to be true, or is it just somone else's point of view.
What is the falling action? Falling action is the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in a dramatic tension; this occurs just before the resolution.
What is fiction? It is any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact.
What is figurative language? It is the language that connot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect.
What is a flashback? It is a technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate and incident of an earlier time; it is often used to provide additional information to the reader.
What is foreshadowing? It is a writing technique where the reader is given clues about events that will happen later in the story.
What are generalizations? It is whaen you make assumptions about different events and or characters and apply them to new situations.
What is Genre? It is the catagories of literature.
What is a homophone or a homonym? They are two or more words that are pronounced alike but habe different meanings. Too, to, and two.
What is a hyperbole? It is an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect. The planets DANCED in their orbits.
What is Imagery? It is worrds and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses, smell touch , sight, hearing, and taste
What is an inference? It is reading between the lines. Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption.
What is irony? It is a tone that is created when the speaker intends to mean that which is opposite to the words they are saying.
What is it to Judge? It is to say if something is goood or bad- if you like it or you don't.
What is a metaphor? It is a comparison between two unlike things without using words like or as. Joe is a lion playing field.
What is a mood? It is the overall feeling created by the author's words.
What is the narrator? It is the speaker of the story.
What is nonfiction? It is writing that is true and the purpose is to inform. It communicates knowledge about events real people, events and or situations.
What is an onomatopoeia? It is a word whose sounds express their meaning. buzz, crush, whirr, hiss, purr, squeak, mumble, hush, boom.
What is an oxymoron? It is putting two contradictary words together. Jumbo shrimp, plastic glasses, terribly pleased, pretty ugly.
What is it to paraphrase? It is to restate in your own words.
What is a plot? The plot is the events that occur in the story beginning with the setting and ending with the resolution.
What si poetry? It is writing that expresses ideas through rhythmic patterns and fugurative language.
What is point of veiw? It is the perspective from which the story is being told. The main points of view are fist person, third person limited and third person omniscient.
What is limited point of veiw? It is when the story is told from the view point of a character; as a result the reader is only exposed to what that character experiences. First person point of view is always limited and third person point of view can either be limited or omniscient.
What is a prediction? it is making an educated guess as to what will happen next.
What is a prefix? It is letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
What is protagonist? It is the central character in a story that is the good guy.
What is personifacation? It is giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
What is the resolution? It occurs at the end of a story and inculdes the story's action after the climax.
What is the rising action? It is the part of the story including the exposition which builds to the climax.
What is a root word? It is a word to which prefixes and suffixed are added.
`What is sequential order? It is the order in which the events in the story are presentd to the reader.
What is the setting? It is the enviornment of time and place where the action of a story occurs.
What is a suffix? It is letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning.
What is summarizing? It is a concise (short yet detailed)explanation of a reading selection. It contains only the main ideas.
What are supporting details? They are details that support ot back up the main idea of a passage.
What is suspence? It is the techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.
WHat is a symbol? It is an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
What is a synonym? It is two or more words that have a highly similar meanings.
What is a theme? Ir is the undrlying message of the selection that the author is trying to convey or communicate to the reader. It may be thought of as the lesson or moral of the story.
What is tone? It is the clues of the story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward elements in the story.
What is visualization? It is the abaility to see what you are reading.
What is voice? It is the vose of the authors style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique.
Created by: 2014LarRacS