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EMS P2

Medication Groups

TermDefinition
Alkalinizing Agents Increase serum or urine PH, Renal, Sodium bicarbonate
Antacids Neutralize excess stomach acids, GI, calcium carbonate
Anthelmintics Treat intestinal parasites, GI, Mebendazole (Vermox)
Antibiotics Treat bacterial infections, Varied, Penicillin
Anticoagulants Reduce efficacy of clotting factors present in the blood, Hematologic, Heparin
Antidiarrheals Decrease GI motility alter GI secretion activity, GI, Loperamide (Imodium)
Antidysrhythmics Prevent or control various cardiac dysrhythmias, cardio, Lidocaine
Antiemetics Treat or prevent nausea and vomiting, GI or CLS, Promethazine
Antiflatulents Prevent or treat excess intestinal gas, GI, Simethicone
Antifungals Treat fungal infections, varied, Fluconazole (Diclucan)
Antiglaucoma agents, (usually eye drops) Treat glaucoma, Varied, Brinzolamide (Azopt)
Antihistamines Block histamine receptors in allergic reactions, varied, Diphenhydramine (Benadryl
Antihyperlipidemics Decrease blood cholesterol, Hematologic -cardio, cohesive.am (Welchol)
Antiparasitic agents Treat parasitic infections, varied, Nitazoxanide (Alicia)
Antipsychotics Treat psychoses including schizo, Haloperidol
Antivirals Treat viral infections, varied, Acyclovir (Zovirax)
Barbiturates Reduce or prevent seizures and provide sedation, CNS, Phenobarbital
Benzodiazepines Treat anxiety and seizures and provide sedation, CNS, Lorazepam (Ativan)
beta-agonists Bronchodilator, Reps, Albuterol
beta-blocking agents Reduce heart rate and blood pressure, Cardio, Atenolol
Calcium channel blockers Reduce heart rate and blood pressure, Cardio, Diltiazem
Cardiac glycosides Decrease heart rate and improve contractility, cardio, Dioxin (Lanoxin)
chemotherapeutic agents Treat cancer or malignancy, varied, Vincristine
Cholesterol synthesis inhibitors Prevent cholesterol conversion in liver, GI, simvastatin
Cholinergics Activate secretory glands in eyes and GI tract; improve muscle weakness in myasthenia gravis, Parasympathetic nervous system, Pilocarpine (Isopto)
Corticosteroids Decrease inflammation; immunosuppressant, Endocrine and immune, Prednisone
Cough suppressants Decrease bronchial irritation causing cough, CNS, Codeine
Digestants Enhance digestion of food; may onclude supplemental pancreatic enzymes, GI, Gultamine
Diuretics Promote excretion of urine; manage fluid overload, Renal, Mannitol
Fibrinolytics Dissolve clots present in blood vessels or vascular access devices, Hematologic, Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)
Glucocorticoids Replacement or maintenance therapy; treat systemic inflammation and numerous other uses, Endocrine and immune, Hydrocortisone
Glycoprotein llb/llla inhibitors Deactivate proteins involved in platelet aggregation, Hematologic, Tirofiban (Aggrastat)
Histamine-2 receptor antagonists Block histamine receptors; including those responsible for gastric acid secretion, GI and immune, Ranitidine (Zantac)
Hormone replacement drugs Replace hormones; improve bone density that has decreased do to age, Endocrine, Estrogen
Immunomodulators Inhibit or enhance functioning of the immune system, immune, interferon
Immunosuppressants Prevent rejection of transplanted organs and tissues ; treat rheumatoid arthritis, Immune, Cyclosporine (Gengraf)
Insulin Positive isotropic effects; allows cellular glucose uptake; treat hyperkalemia, endocrine, Insulin
Laxatives Increase GI motility, GI, Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
Mineralocorticoids Promotes sodium and water retention, Endocrine and immune, Fludrocortisone (Fluorine)
Mucolytics Assist with elimination of mucous in respiratory tract, Pulmonary, Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst)
Mydriatics Dilate pupils for ocular diagnostic and treatment procedures, Ocular, Parasympathetic nervous system, Cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl)
Narcotic analgesics Relieve pain and relieve or suppress cough, CNS, oxycodone
Nasal decongestants Decrease upper airway mucus secretion, sympathetic nervous system, Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
Neuromuscular blocking agents Provide chemical paralysis in intubated and ventilated patients, Peripheral nervous system and musculoskeletal, Succinylcholine (Anectine)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Treat pain and inflammation, Endocrine, Ibuprofen (Advil)
Oral contraceptives Prevent pregnancy, Endocrine and genitourinary, Estrogen
Oral hypoglycemic agents Manage type 2 diabetes mellitus, Endocrine, Glyburide (Diabeta)
Phosphodiestetase inhibitors Treat erectile dysfunction, cardio, Sildenafil (Viagra)
Platelet inhibitors Decrease platelet aggregation in patients at risk of thrombus formation, Hematologic, Aspirin
Protein pump inhibitors Suppress activity of parental cell acid secretion, GI, Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors Treat depression, anxiety and related conditions, CNS, sertraline (Zoloft)
Sympathomimetics Increase blood pressure and heart rate and cardiac output; constrict blood vessels, Cardio, Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
Tocolytics Decrease or eliminate uterine contractions during preterm labor, Endocrine and genitourinary, Magnesium sulfate
Tricyclic antidepressants Treat depression and neuropathy and chronic pain syndromes, CNS, Amitriptyline (Elavil)
Xanthines Bronchodilator, Respiratory, Theophylline (Uniphyl)
Created by: carsrock22