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Chapter 1-1 Science

6th Grade Study Cards

TermDefinition
food, water, shelter What needs are met by an organism's environment?
habitat An environment that provides the things the organisms needs to live, grow, and reproduce.
living (biotic factors) and nonliving (abiotic factors) What are the two parts of an organism's habitat with which it interacts?
1. Organism 2. Population 3. Community 4. Ecosystem What are the levels of organization within an ecosystem? (in order)
organism a living thing
biotic factors the living parts of a habitat
biotic grass and plants are _________ factors of a habitat
biotic hawks, ferrets, badgers, and eagles are _________ factors of a habitat.
photosynthesis Plants and algae need water, along with sunlight and carbon dioxide, to make their own food in a process called ____________________.
65 ; water Your body is about ____________% of ____________.
abiotic Water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature, and soil are all examples of ______________ factors.
sunlight _____________ is needed for photosynthesis, it is an important abiotic factor for most living things.
sunlight Plants and algae cannot grow in dark caves because there is no __________________.
oxygen Most living things require _______ to carry out their life processes.
temperatures The ______________ that are typical of an area determine the types of organisms that can live there.
1. Prairie dogs dig underground to avoid extreme temperatures. 2. Bears hibernate in the winter 3. Dolphins jump out of the water to breathe air Give an example of how animals can alter their environment so they can survive.
water, sunlight, oxygen Name three abiotic factors you interact with each day
soil _____________ is a mixture of rock fragments, nutrients, air, water, and the decaying remains of living things.
species A group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce.
population All the members of one species in a particular area.
population 1. All the bees in one hive 2. All the pigeons in New York City
community All the different populations that live together in one area.
ecosystem The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings
ecology The study of how living things interact with each other and with their environment.
Ecologists Scientists who study ecology.
Created by: dsimmons