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1st 9weeks Review

TermDefinition
Second order heterotroph Carnivores that feed on herbivores (secondary consumer)
Nucleotide The monomer of the biomolecule Nucleic Acid which stores genetic information.
Enzymes Proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions
Carbohydrate Its function is to provide a fast source of energy. Its monomer is a monosaccharide and its polymer is a polysaccharide.
Lipids It's function is to provide a long term source of energy and insulation. It is composed of a Glycerol and fatty acids, and some examples are wax, steroid and cholesterol.
Protein A long chain made of monomers called amino acids.
Activation Energy The minimum amount of energy that is required to start a chemical reaction and that is lowered by enzymes to speed up digestion.
Biomolecules Are also referred to as organic molecules and macromolecules.
Hydrolysis Breaking a molecule into its monomers by using water
Dehydration synthesis When small molecules combine to form big molecules by releasing water
Mutualism A symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit
Commensalism A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other remains neutral
Parasitism A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is affected.
Green house effect Process by which the earths atmosphere traps solar radiation because of the presence of certain gases. This could contribute to global warming and lead to a decrease in biodiversity.
Secondary Succession When life returns to a previously established community.
Primary Succession When new life establishes in an area that has never been colonized before
Carrying Capacity The maximum population size that the environment can support
Created by: brey01