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JC Set B

Brandenburg Concerto

Define Concerto Grosso? A work for chamber orchestra where a small group of instruments (concertino) is contrasted with a larger group (ripieno)
Define solo concerto? When a solo instrument is contrasted with a larger group of instruments.
Define cadenza? A section at the end of a piece of music where the orchestra remains silent and a solo instrument improvises on the rit theme showing off his technichal skill.
Which instument plays the cadenza in this concerto? Harpsichord
How many bars does it improvise for? 64
Name the 3 solo instruments in this concerto? Flute, violin, harpsichord
What are episodes? Pieces of music played between the ritornello theme
Give the full title of this set work? Brandenburg concerto no. 5 in d major
What is the tempo marking for movement 1? Allegro
What era of music did Bach compose in, give rough dates of this era? Baroque era, 1600-1750
What does ' Baroque' mean? Portugese word meaning ornate, music some very elaborate and detailed.
Around when did Bach compose this concerto? 1717-1723
Who did he dedicate the concertos to? Margrave of Brandenburg
Name some melodic features of ritornello theme? Repeated notes, based on doh chord (D major), uses descending scale of D major.
Name a rhythmic feature of ritornello theme? Uses semiquavers.
What is basso continuo? The continuous bass and its supporting harmony in the music of the 17th and 18th centuries, in this concerto its the harpsichord, cello and double bass playing the continuo.
What is figured bass? Numbers written underneath basso continuo to indicate which chords to play.
Name the key of mvt 1? D major
What key does it change to in Ep 1 and how is this related to original key? A major, its the relative dominant (fIfth note up)
What key does it change to in Ep 2 and how is it related to original key? B minor, its the relative minor. Same key signature except b minor has the raised 7th (A sharp written into the score)
What musical feature goes on between the flute and violin? Imitation
What is the texture of the ritornello theme? Homophonic
What is the texture of the episodes? Polyphonic
What rhythmic feature do we hear in episode 2 ? Syncopation
What rhythmic feature do we hear in Ep 1? Triplets
Define triplets? 3 notes played in the time of 2.
Which instrument enters with a descending figure in B minor in Ep 3? Violin
Which is the longest of the 1st 3 episodes? The 3rd episode.
Created by: goneill
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