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Head and Neck

Health Assessment

TermDefinition
brachial cleft cyst congenital lesion formed by incomplete involution of the brachial cleft; the epithelial-lined cyst is usually solitary, painless and located in the lateral neck; discharge may occur with sinus tract
bruit soft rushing sound that may be detected in the hyper vascular thyroid
bulging fontanel condition of the fontanel that may indicate increased intra cranial pressure from a space-occupying mass or meningitis
craniosynostosis condition that results from premature closing of sutures before brain growth is complete; leads to a misshapen skull that is not accompanied by mental retardation
chloasma facial discoloration common during pregnancy, fades after delivery
encephalocele neural tube defect with protrusions of brain and membranes that cover it through openings in the skull; genetic component of families wit history of spina bifida and anencephaly
exophthalmos increased prominence of eyes
facies general appearance of the space and features of the heads and neck, that when consider together, are characteristics of a clinical condition or syndrome
Graves disease autoimmune disease condition in which antibodies to thyroid-stimulating hormone receptors lead to an overactive thyroid; includes a diffuse thyroid enlargement with exophthalmos
Hashimoto disease autoimmune condition characterized by the production of antibodies against the thyroid gland, that often causes hypothyroidism
hyperthyroidism overactivity of the thyroid
hypothyroidism under activity of the thyroid
Macewen sign percussion of the skull near the junction will be resonant; the sign associated with increased intracranial pressure after fontanels are closed
mastoid fontanel third, abnormal fontanel located between the anterior and posterior fontanels; common in Down syndrome
microcephaly condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal; associated with intellectual disability and failure of the brain to develop normally
molding abnormal shaping of the head caused by the shifting and overlapping of the bones during vaginal delivery
myxedema skin and tissue disorder usually caused by severe prolonged hypothyroidism; characterized by coarse, thick skin, thickening nose, swollen lips, puffiness around lips, slow speech, weight gain
ossification bone tissue formation; begins in sutures after brain growth is completed at about 6 years old
salivary gland tumor tumor in any of the salivary glands, most common in parotid
sternocleidomastoid area extending from upper sternum to the mastoid process
thyroglossal duct cyst palpable cystic mass in the neck
thyroid largest endocrine gland
tic spasmodic contraction of the face, head or neck
torticollis condition in which the neck is twisted
transillumination procedure used to evaluate suspected intracranial lesion or increasing head circumference in infants
webbing excessive posterior cervical skin, usually associated with chromosomal anomalies
Created by: ryanleoware