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Stack #197005

Grade 05 - Science Chapter

A large object that orbits a star Planet
An object in space that circles around another object Satalite
A star and all the planets and other bodies that orbit it Solar System
An object that produces it's own energy including heat and light Star
A huge cloud of gases and dust Nebula
An exploding star Supernova
Patterns the stars make Constellations
A huge, very distant collection of stars Galaxy
What is the make up of a solar system? A star and the objects that orbit it
What is a planet? A large object that orbits a star
What is the make up of the inner planets? Rock
What is the make up of the outer planets? Gases
What is it that makes scientists argue over Pluto being a planet or not? Its unusual orbit and its small size
How is a moon different from a planet? Moons orbit around planets, planets orbit around stars
What makes Moon a satellite? It circles around another object in space
What is an artificial satellite? A man-made object that orbits around Earth or other planets
Who was first to look at the sky through a telescope on January 7, 1610? Galileo Galilei
What telescope uses lenses or mirrors to see objects by gathering visible light? Optical telescope
Which the ______ of the light-gathering lens or mirror is increased, more light is gathered and planets appear larger. Diameter
What telescope was launched in 1990 to orbit around the earth? Hubble Space Telescope
What telescope records date from radio waves given off by objects in space? Radio telescope
Name the planets from nearest to farthest. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
Name the inner planets which are closer to the sun than the asteroid belt. Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
What are the inner planets surface composed of? Rock
Name the outer planets which are beyond the asteroid belt. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
What makes up the surface of the outer planets? Gases
Pluto has been reclassified as a dwarf planet
Which planet has the highest mean surface temperature? Venus
Which planets have the lowest mean surface temperature? Uranus and Neptune
What is the Great Red Spot on Jupiter? A huge storm with winds at 270 miles per hour (435 kilometers per hour)
What gives the Great Red Spot its color? Combination of sulfur and phosphorus
Who first observed the rings of Saturn in 1610. Galileo
What makes up the rings of Saturn? pieces of ice and rock
Which planets have rings? Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune
What do some scientists think about the rings of Saturn? The rings may be pieces of comets, asteroids or moons that were pulled into orbit around Saturn
Describe the surface of Venus. Has shield and composite volcanos similar to those found on Eart.
Describe the dark boulders on Mars. The dark boulders are volcanic rock fragments.
Which planet has the most moons in our solar system? Jupiter
Do the inner planets have more or less moons than the outer planets? Less
Which moon is the largest moon in our solar system? Ganymede orbiting Jupiter
Is Earth's Moon larger or smaller than Pluto? Larger than Pluto
Which is the only moon other than Earth's Moon that may be seen without a telescope? Ganymede
When a small object in space collides with a larger object this is formed on the larger object. Crater
What makes the craters on the Moon distinct and easy to see? On Earth's Moon, th impact of a crater exposes the rock underneath the surface.
Describe the craters on Ganymede. The craters on Ganymede are flat
What is a mixture of frozen gases, ice, dust, and rock that moves in an elliptical orbit around the Sun? Comet
When a comet is farther away from the sun the gases an dice in the comet are liquid or frozen? Frozen
What is the core of a comet called? The nucleus
What is the cloud around the nucleus of a comet called? Coma
Together the nucleus and coma make up the ______ of a comet. Head
As the comet gets closer to the SUn, radiation from the Sun pushed some of the coma away from the comet forming what? Tail
The comet's tail always points toward or away from the sun? Away
A rock that revolves around the Sun is called what? Asteroid
What are the small objects (other than asteroids) in space called? Meteroids
What is a meteroid that enters Earth's atmosphere called? Meteor
What is a meteor that lands on Earth called? Meteorite
What is a vehicle carrying instruments that is sent from Earth to explore an object is space called? Space probe
Who landed the first rock carrying scientific instruments on the Moon in 1959? The Soviet Union
Which planet was the first to be visited by a space probe? Venus
Two small robot cars landed on Mars in 2004. Name them? Spirit and Opportunity
What are many asteroids shaped like? A potato
Created by: JPATRICK36