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NRTC

BODY Planes/ Directions

TermsDefinition
Anatomic Position standing up body erect/facing forward/holding arms at sides/ with palms turned toward front/feet slightly apart and toes forward
Homeostasis maintain a constant internal environment
Midsagittal divides body top to bottom in equal left and right halves
Sagittal divides body into unequal left and right portions
Coronal (Frontal) divides body into anterior and posterior portions
What are the Vertical planes midsagittal, sagittal and coronal (frontal)
Transverse divides body into superior and inferior portions
What is the horizontal plane Transverse
Ventral front/belly side
Dorsal back/organ
Anterior front
Posterior back
Superior uppermost/above/toward head
Inferior lowermost/below/toward feet
Cephalic toward head
Caudal toward lower part/tail
Proximal situated nearest midline
Distal situated farthest midline
Medial toward the midline
Lateral away from midline/toward side of body
Central near the center/truck of body/primary part of body
Peripheral away from center/away from trunk
Superficial near the surface
Deep inside away from the surface
How many parts of the dorsal cavity 2. cranial cavity and spinal cavity
Cranial Cavity within skull/ protects brain
Spinal Cavity within spine/protects spinal cord
How many parts of the ventral cavity 3. thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity
Thoracic Cavity (chest cavity) protects heart and lungs. Includes the diaphragm which is the muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Abdominal Cavity primarily the major organs of digestion
Pelvic Cavity formed by the pelvic bones, contains reproductive and excretory systems.
There is no division between the abdominal/pelvic cavities and it is sometimes called the abdominopelvic cavity
Divisions of the Abdomen. What are the names of the 4 quadrants used to help locate or describe pain or where an organ is located right upper quadrant RUQ left upper quadrant LUQ right lower quadrant RLQ left lower quadrant LLQ
How many regions of the thorax/abdomen 9
Right and Left Hypocondria Regions sides covered and lower ribs
Epigastric Region above the stomach
Right and Left Lumbar Regions sides near inward curve of spine
Umbilical Region surrounds umbilicus
Right and Left Iliac Region sides over the hipbones
Hypogastric Region located below the stomach
The entire lower region is known as the groin/inguinal area
Created by: thirdghere