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Anatomy- Section 2.5

The Spine and Thorax

QuestionAnswer
The ____ are the 33 bones making up the vertebral column. vertebrae
The ____ ____ is the short column of bone the forms the weight-bearing portion of a vertebra. vertebral column
The ____ ____ is the opening in the vertebrae that accommodates the spinal cord. spinal canal
____ are thick, bony struts that connect the vertebral bodies with the spinous and transverse processes and help make up the opening for the spinal cord. Pedicles
____ are posterior bones of a vertebra that help make up the foramen, or opening, of the spinal canal. Laminae
The ____ ____ is a bony outergrowth of the vertebral pedicle that serves as a site for muscle attachment and articulation with the ribs. transverse process
The ____ ____ is the prominence at the posterior part of a vertebra. spinous process
The ____ ____ is the cartilaginous pad between vertebrae that serves as a shock absorber. intervertebral disk
Divisions of the Vertebral Column: ____ ____, ____ ____, ____ ____, ____ ____, ____ ____ Cervical spine, Thoracic spine, Lumbar spine, Sacral spine, Coccygeal spine
The range of motion provided by the ____ ____ is the greatest allowed by any region, yet the cord in this region is critical to life functions. cervical spine
The ____ ____ is the union between xiphoid process and body of the sternum. xiphisternal joint
Normal ____ is an active process, while normal ____ is a passive process. inspiration, expiration
The ____ ____ is the central medial region of the lung where the bronchi and pulmonary vasculature enter the lung. pulmonary hilum
The layers of the pleura and the small volume of fluid between them cause the lungs to move with the ____ ____. thoracic cage
____ ____ are the large arteries and veins located in the mediastinum that enter and exit the heart. Great vessels
The aorta, superior and inferior vena cava, pulmonary arteries, and pulmonary veins are examples of ____ ____. great vessels
The ____ ____ is a cordlike remnant of a fetal vessel connecting the pulmonary artery to the aorta at the aortic isthmus. ligamentum arteriosum
Created by: whit_1348