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Anatomy- Section 2.2

The Blood

The ____ ____ is a body system having to do with the production and development of blood cells, consisting of the bone marrow, liver , spleen, kidneys, and the blood itself. hematopoietic system
The ____ ____ ____ is a cell from which the various types of blood cells can form. pluripotent stem cell
____ is the process through which pluripotent stem cells differentiate into various types of blood cells. hematopoiesis
The ____ is the hormone responsible for red blood cell production. erythropoietin
Components of Blood: ____, ____ ____, ____ ____ ____, ____ ____ ____, ____ Plasma, Formed elements, Red blood cells, White blood cells, Platelets
____ is thick, pale yellow fluid that makes up the liquid part of the blood. Plasma
Plasma is ____-____% water and ____-____% proteins. 90-92, 6-7
A ____ is a red blood cell. erythrocyte
____ is an oxygen-bearing molecule in the red blood cells which is made up of iron-rich red pigment called ____ and a protein called ____. hemoglobin, heme, globin
Hemoglobin comprises ____ subunits of globin which can each bind with one oxygen molecule, this each complete hemoglobin molecule can carry up to ____ oxygen molecules. four, four
When fully saturated, each gram of hemoglobin can transport ____mL of oxygen. 1.34
The ____ is the partial pressure of oxygen; partial pressure is the pressure exerted by a given component of a gas containing several components. PO2
The ____ is the partial pressure of carbon dioxide; partial pressure is the pressure exerted by a given component of a gas containing several components. PCO2
The ____ ____ is the phenomenon in which a decrease in PCO2/acidity causes an increase in the quantity of oxygen that binds with the hemoglobin; conversely, an increase in PCO2/acidity causes the hemoglobin to give up a greater quantity of oxygen. Bohr effect
____ (____) is a chemical in the red blood cells that affects hemoglobin's affinity for oxygen. 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG)
____ is the process of producing red blood cells. Erythropoiesis
____ is the destruction of red blood cells. Hemolysis
____ is the trapping of red blood cells by an organ such as the spleen. Sequestration
Red blood cells live approximately ____ days. 120
____ is the packed cell volume of red blood cells per unit of blood. Hematocrit
A ____ is a white blood cell. leukocyte
____ is the movement of white blood cells in response to chemical signals. Chemotaxis
____ is the process in which white blood cells engulf and destroy an invader. Phagocytosis
____ is the process through which stem cells differentiate into the white blood cells' immature forms. Leukopoiesis
White Blood Cell Blasts: ____, ____, ____ Myeloblasts, Monoblasts, Lymphoblasts
White Blood Cell Categories: ____, ____, ____ Granulocytes, Monocytes, Lymphocytes
Granulocyte Classifications: ____, ____, ____ Basophils, Eosinophils, Neutrophils
A ____ ____ ____ (____) is a larvacidal peptide. major basic protein (MBP)
A ____ is a low neutrophil count. neutropenia
An ____ ____ is a condition in which the body makes antibodies against its own tissues. autoimmune disease
Protect your ____ patients from undue exposure to infection by good hand washing technique, correct IV technique, and proper wound care. immunosuppressed
An ____ ____ is a nonspecific defense mechanism that wards off damage from microorganisms or trauma. inflammatory process
A ____ is a blood platelet. thrombocyte
____ is the combined mechanisms that work to prevent or control blood loss. Hemostasis
Platelets survive from ____ to ____ days and are removed from circulation by the ____. 7, 10, spleen
____ is the process through which plasmin dismantles a blood clot. Fibrinolysis
____ is a clot formation, which is extremely dangerous when it occurs in coronary arteries or cerebral vasculature. Thrombosis
Created by: whit_1348