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BI221

Anatomical planes and positional terms

TermDefinition
midsagittal vertical plane along the mid line that separates left from right
parasagittal vertical plane that separates left from right into unequal sides
transverse vertical plane that separates cranial and caudal sections
frontal (coronal) horizontal plane that separates dorsal and ventral sections
cranial/ anterior toward head region
caudal/ posterior away from head; toward tail
dorsal/ superior toward organism's back; generally upper surface
ventral/ inferior toward organism's belly; generally lower surface
rostral region around nasal area
anal region around digestive system's exit from the body
proximal toward body's trunk; closer to point of origin
distal away from body's trunk; further from the point of origin
medial nearer to mid line of the body or mid line of a structure
lateral farther from the mid line of the body or the mid line of a structure
superficial toward or on surface of the body or surface of a structure
deep toward center of body or center of structure
parietal pertaining to or forming the outer wall of a body cavity
visceral pertaining to the covering of an organ within ventral body cavity
Created by: jebeard