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# Scientific Inquiry

TermDefinition
Observing Using your five senses to gather information about the world around you.
Quantitative Observations made that are based on measurements.
Inferences To explain or interpret an observation using previous experience.
Predictions Making an inference about a FUTURE event based on current or past experience.
X Axis Also known as the horizontal axis on the graph.
Y Axis Also known as the vertical axis on the graph.
Independent Variable The one variable that is purposely changed in the test by the investigator during an experiment.
Controlled Variable(s) The variables that are kept the same or constant in an experiment.
Dependent Variable The variable that is a result of the independent variable. (You find out at the end.)
Uncontrolled Variable Something you did not anticipate or think would happen OR a human error.
Hypothesis An educated guess or prediction that must be testable. (If and then.)
Data Table A way to organize data in two columns with independent variable always on the left and dependent variable always on the right.
Line Graph A type of graph that is used when data takes place over time, such as population changes or a person's growth.
Bar Graph A graph that is used for descriptive data, such as car colors. (Comparing/contrasting data.)
Increments When numbering a graph, the numbers you choose are called increments.
Range The numbers that are between the highest and lowest numbers in the data set.
Metric System The system of numbers that is used by all scientists. (Based on the number 10, so it is easy to convert units.)
Created by: ReeciePiecie09