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ADV. Biology

Biology Terminology

TermDefinition
Anatomy Describes the structures of the body.
Physiology Is the study of functions.
Gross (macroscopic) Anatomy Examines large, visible structures.
Surface Anatomy Exterior Features.
Regional Anatomy Body Areas.
Systemic Anatomy Groups of organs working together.
Developmental Anatomy From conception to death.
Clinical Anatomy Medical specialties.
Microscopic Anatomy Examines cells and molecules.
Cytology Study of cells and their structures.
Histology Study of tissues and their structures.
Cell Physiology Processes within and between cells
Special Physiology Functions of specific organs.
Systemic Physiology Functions of an organ system.
Pathological Physiology Effects of diseases.
Atoms The smallest chemical units.
Molecules Group of atoms working together.
Cells Groups of atoms, molecules, and organelles working together.
Tissues Group of similar cells working together.
Organ Group of different tissues working together.
Homeostasis Same state.
Autoregulation Automatic response.
Extrinsic Regulation Response controlled by Nervous and Endocrine Systems.
Receptor Receives the stimulus
Control Center Processes the signal and sends instruction.
Effector Carries out instructions.
Negative Feedback The response of the Effector NEGATES the Stimulus.
Positive Feedback The response of the Effector INCREASES change of the Stimulus.
System Integration Systems working together to maintain homeostasis
Anatomical Position Hands at side palms forward.
Prone Position Lying down, face down.
Supine Position Lying down,face up.
Homeostasis State of equilibrium.
Cephalic Region Head
Cervical Region Neck
Thoracic Region Chest
Brachial Region Arm
Antebrachial Region Forearm
Carpal Region Wrist
Manual Region Hand
Abdominal Region Abdomen
Lumbar Region Loin
Gluteal Region Buttocks
Pelvic Region Pelvis
Pubic Region Pubic (anterior pelvis)
Inguinal Region Groin
Femoral Region Thigh
Crural Region Anterior Leg
Sural Region Calf
Tarsal Region Ankle
Pedal Region Foot
Plantar Region Sole
The four basic building blocks of medical terms: Word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining terms.
Terminologia Anatomica The worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.
Created by: williebosshog