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BIOLOGY

Reviw for quiz

ECOLOGY the study of the interactions among living things ad between living things and their surroundings.; Greek word is Oikos, which means house
WHAT ARE THE LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION Species, Population, Communities, Ecosystem, Biome
SPECIES Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed to make offspring.
POPULATION All the individuals of the same species that live in the same area
COMMUNITIES A group of different species that live together in one area
ECOSYSTEM All the organisms as well as the non-living things given in an area.
BIOME A major regional or global community of organisms with life. EXAMPLES: Tundra, Desert, Coniferous Forrest, Deciduous Grasslands, Mountains, Forrest,
BIOTIC A living thing EXAMPLES: Plants, Animals, Fungi,
ABIOTIC A non-living thing EXAMPLES: moisture, temperature, wind, sunlight
ENERGY what is at the core of every organism's interaction with the environment to power life's processes.
WHAT IS ENERGY NEEDED FOR To move, make new cells, to grow, to carry out chemical reaction
PRODUCERS Organisms that get their energy from non-living resources means they make their own food
ANOTHER NAME FOR PRODUCERS Autotrophs EXAMPLES: plants, fungi, and bacteria
WHAT IS THE MAIN ENERGY SOURCE FOR LIFE ON EARTH Sunlight
HOW MUCH OF A PERCENTAGE OF THE SUNLIGHT IS USED Less than 1%
PHOTOSYNTHESIS Process where autotrophs use light energy to make carbohydrates
WHAT IS ADDED DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS Oxygen
WHAT IS TAKEN AWAY DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS Carbon Dioxide
WHAT IS MADE DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS Glucose
ANOTHER SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIVING THINGS IS in organic chemical EXAMPLE: meat, plants, etc.
CHEMOSYNTHESIS The process by which an organism forms carbohydrates using chemicals rather than light as an energy.
CONSUMERS The process by which an organisms forms carbohydrates using chemical, rather than light as an energy source.
WHAT ELSE CAN A CONSUMER BE CALLED hetertrophs
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF HETERTROPHS herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, detrivores, decomposers
HERBIVORES organisms that only eat plants
CARNIVORES eat only animals
OMNIVORES eat both animals and plants
DETRIVORES eat dead organic matter
DECOMPOSERS break down organic matter into simpler compunds
FOOD CHAIN Sequence that links spcies by their feeding relationships.
LAND EXAMPLE OF THE FOOD CHAIN grass>carrot >bunny>cheetah
AQUATIC EXAMPLE OF THE FOOD CHAIN algae>plankton>fish>shark
FOOD WEB model that shows the complex network of feeding relationships and the flow of energy within an ecosystem
TROPHIC LEVELS levels of nourishment in a food chain
WHAT MAKES UP THE FIRST TROPHIC LEVEL producers
WHAT MAKES UP THE SECOND,THIRD, OR HIGHER TROPHIC LEVELS consumers
WHAT DOES EACH LEVEL IN THE PYRAMID RELY ON energy
ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS a diagram that shows the relative amounts of energy or matter contained within each trophic
Created by: chloecheer101