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Elements of Fiction

TermDefinition
Subject General idea, situation of a story A. central top a piece of literature
Theme Main idea in the story A. "message" B. "moral or lesson" to be learned by reader
Protagonist main character in a story A. not always a "good guy" B. central to the action of the story
Antagonist person causing conflict for the protagonist A. not always the "bad guy" B. could also be problem, thing causing conflict
Staticcharacter stays the same through out the story
developing character changes as story evolves
plot chain of events A. action of story plot always involves some sort of conflict
climax turning point of the story A.point of greatest intensity B.binds the rest of the story together C."unifies action"
conflict struggle between 2 opposing forces - basis for the plot A. Can be internal (Physiological) B.or external (physical)
sequence order in which a series of events occur A.also called chronological order B.order of time
flashback something that happened before the story A.interrupts the sequence B.takes you back in time
foreshadowing hints or clues to later events A. Ex. Music in a movie builds suspense
tone attitude a writer takes toward a subject A. Bitter, angry, comical
diction word choice A slang & informal expression used by author
irony A contrast between what is expected & what actually happens A. outcome is opposite of what you expect B. verbal irony - say one thing and mean another
mood different tone (reader) A. feeling or atmosphere writer creates for the reader
fiction writing about imaginary people, places, and events
metaphor a direct comparison A. Ex. My classroom is a zoo
setting time & place of the story
types of narration 1st person, 3rd person (objective) , limited omniscient, omniscient (all knowing)
Created by: mando101
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