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Medical Terminology

Basic Medical Terminology

abdomin /o abdomen
aden /o gland
adip /o lip /o fat
adren /o adrenal glands
angi /o vessel, usually blood or lymph
arteri /o artery
blephar /o eyelid
bronchi /o bronchus
calc /o calcium
carcin /o cancer
cardi /o heart
cephal /o head
cerebr /o cerebrum
chol /e bile, gall
cholecyst /o gallbladder
choledoch /o bile duct
chondr /o cartilage
col /o colon
cost /o ribs
crani /o cranium
cutane /o dermat /o skin
cyan /o blue
cyst /o bladder
dent /o odont /o teeth
dipl /o double
electr /o electric
encephal /o brain
enter /o intestine, usually the small intestine
erythr /o red
esophag /o esophagus
femor /o femur
gastr /o stomach
gingiv /o gum
gluc /o glyc /o sugar, glucose
gynec /o woman, female
hemangi /o blood vessel
hemat /o blood
hepat /o liver
hydr /o water
hyster /o uterus
irid /o iris
lapar /o abdomen
laryng /o larynx
leuk /o white
lingu /o tongue
lith /o stone
lumb /o lower back
lymphangi /o lymph vessel
lymph /o lymph
mamm /o mast /o breast
megal /o enlargement
melan /o black
mening /o meninges
men /o menses, menstruation
muc /o mucus
myel /o spinal cord, bone marrow
my /o muscle
myring /o tympan /o tympanic membrane, eardrum
nas /o rhin /o nose
necr /o death
nephr /o ren /o kidney
neur /o nerve
noct /o night
oophor /o ovary
ophthalm /o eye
orchi /o testis
os /o stomat /o mouth
oste /o bone
ot /o ear
pancreat /o pancreas
pelv /i /o pelvis
pharyng /o pharynx
phleb /o vein
pleur /o pleura
pneum /o lung, air
proct /o anus, rectum
pyel /o renal pelvis
radi /o x-rays, radiation
retin /o retina
salping /o fallopian tube
scler /o hardening, white of the eye
sigmoid /o sigmoid colon
spermat /o sperm
spin /o spine
spondyl /o vertebr /o vertebra
stern /o sternum
tend /o tendon
therm /o heat
thorac /o chest
thromb /o blood clot
thyr /o thyroid gland
toxic, tox /o poison
trache /o trachea
ureter /o ureter
urethr /o urethra
ur /o urine
uter /o uterus
vagin /o vagina
vascul /o blood vessel
ventricul /o ventricle of brain or heart
vesic /o bladder
-al -ar -ary -ic pertaining to
-algia pain
-cele hernia, swelling
-centesis surgical puncture
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-dipsia thirst
-ectomy excision, removal of
-edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-ia -ism condition
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-lith stone
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-lysis separation, destruction, loosening
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter measure, instrument for measuring
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-opia vision
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-pause cessation
-penia decrease
-pepsia digestion
-pexy fixation
-phagia swallow, eat
-phasia speech
-phobia fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-plegia paralysis
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument to view
-scopy visual examination
-stenosis structure, narrowing
-stomy forming a new opening
-therapy treatment
-tome instrument to cut
-tripsy crushing
-uria urine, urination
a- an- without, not, absent
ab- away from
amb- ambi- both, on two sides
auto- self
bi- two, double
brady- slow
dys- bad, painful difficult
epi- above, upon
hemi- half, partly
hyper- excessive
hypo- under, below
inter- between
intra- within
macro- large
micro- small
neo- new
para- near, beside, around
peri- around
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before
quadri- four
sub- under, below
supra- above
tachy- rapid
tri- three
abdominoplasty surgical repair of the abdomen
hematoma blood clot
apnea not breathing
bradycardia slow heart rate
gastritis inflammation of the stomache
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
hypocalcemia low amount of calcium in the blood
hypoglycemia low amount of glucose in the blood
tachycardia rapid heart rate
costochondritis inflammation of the cartilage of the ribs
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchus
hyperglycemia high level of glucose in the blood
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
craniotomy to cut into the cranium
mammogram record of the breast
aphasia absence of speech
arthritis inflammation of the joints
quadraplegia paralysis of all four limbs
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
dysphasia difficulty swallowing
erythrocyte red (blood) cell
leukocyte white (blood) cell
proctology study of the anus and rectum
gynocologist specialist of the female body
myalgia muscle pain
neuropathy abnormality of nerves
polyarthritis inflammation of multiple joints
hematospermia condition of blood in the semen
hematuria condition of blood in the urine
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
Created by: tzumwalt
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