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Water

TermDefinition
freezing point the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid when cooled
boiling point the point at which water turns to vapor
surface tension the result of an inward pull among the molecules of a liquid that brings the molecules on the surface closer together
cohesion the action or fact of forming a united whole
adhesion the action or process of adhering to a surface or object
melting point the temperature at which a given solid will melt
specific heat the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g. of a substance to 1° C
intermolecular force forces that act between stable molecules or between stable molecules or between functional groups of macromolecules
molecule a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest fundamental unit of a chemical compound that can take part in a chemical reaction
evaporation the process by which a liquid changes into a gas
universal solvent due to its polarity and ability to dissolve many different solutes, water is this
solute the component in a solution that is dissolved dissolved in the solvent
ion an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the loss or gain of one or more electrons
polarity the state of having a molecule with a net dipole as a result of opposing charges
hydrophobic hates water
hydrophilic loves water
Heat Vaporization The amount of heat required to convert a liquid into a gas at constant temperature and pressure.
capillary action is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, and in opposition to, external forces like gravity. In biology, we refer to cohesion and adhesion forces acting together.
Created by: ajebailey