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Chapter 3

AP Gov. ch.3 vocab

feudalism a social system based on a rigid social and political hierarchy based on the ownership of land
slavery the ownership, for forced labor, of one people by another
French and Indian War a war fought between France and England, and allied Indians, from 1754 to 1763, resulted in France's expulsion from the New World
popular sovereignty the concept that the citizens are the ultimate source of political power
Common Sense 1776 pamphlet by Thomas Paine that persuaded many American to support the Revolutionary cause
Articles of Confederation the first constitution of the united states (1777) creating an association of states with weak central government
confederation government in which independent states unite for common purpose, but retain their own sovereignty
popular tyranny the unrestrained power of the people
Shay's Rebellion a grassroots uprising (1787) by armed Massachusetts farmers protesting foreclosures
federalism a political system in which power is divided between the central and regional units
federalists supporters of the constitution who favored a strong central government
anti-federalists advocates of states' rights who opposed the constitution
Virginia plan a proposal at the Constitutional Convention that congressional representation be based on population, thus favoring the large states
New Jersey Plan a proposal at the Constitutional Convention that congressional representation be equal, thus favoring the small states
Great Compromise the constitutional solution to congressional representation: equal votes in the Senate, votes by population in the House
Federalist Papers a series of essays written in support of the Constitution to build support for its ratification
Bill of Rights a summary of citizen rights guaranteed and protected by a government, added to the Constitution as its first ten amendments in order to achieve ratification
Three-Fifths Compromise the formula for counting five slaves as three for purposes of representation that reconciled northern and southern factions at the Constitutional Convention
ratification the process through which a proposal is formally approved and adopted by vote
factions groups of citizens united by some common passion or interest and opposed to the rights of other citizens or to the interests of the whole community
Constitutional Convention the assembly of fifty-five delegates in the summer of 1787 to recast the Articles of Confederation; the result was the U.S. Constitution
Declaration of Independence the political document that dissolved the colonial ties between the United States and Britain
Created by: that_girl_megan