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Federalism Three

QuestionAnswer
Name and briefly explain the THREE constitutional obligations the states have to one another. Full Faith and Credit -recognize the public acts, rewards, and judicial proceedings of all other states. Extradition - A state surrenders a criminal to the state where the crime alleged to have happened. Privileges and Immunities - = privileges
What was the one goal of the writers of the Constitution in including the three provisions above? One goal of the writers was to keep everything equal between the states and prevent discrimination.
Define dual federalism. A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
Define cooperative federalism. A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
Which of the above is more prominent today? Cooperative federalism is more dominate today.
How do the educational and highway systems illustrate cooperative federalism? States have most control over schools, but in '58 an act provided federal grants and loans for college students and aid for other education. Mostly states/cities build roads, but in '56 Congress initiated the highway system, a joint federal-state project.
What are three characteristics of cooperative federalism? Shared costs, federal guidelines, and shared administration.
In general, what public policies are the states responsible for? They are responsible for most public policies dealing with social, family, and moral issues.
Provide three specific policies which are the prerogatives of the states? Laws that directly regulate drinking ages, marriage and divorce, or speed limits.
How does the drinking age policy, however, illustrate the power of the federal government? The federal government (Congress) passed a law withholding federal highway funds from any state that did not raise its drinking age to 21.
Throughout US history, power and responsibility has shifted to which LEVEL of government? Power and responsibility has shifted to the national government.
How do Democrats and Republicans typically differ with regards to intergovernmental relations? Democrats support increasing the power of the federal government to advance national policies. Republicans oppose these policies and favored states taking responsibility for such issues.
Define devolution. Transferring responsibility for policies from the federal government to state and local governments.
Created by: Matti