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AP Gov

chapters 1 & 2 vocab

TermDefinition
values central ideas, principles, or standards that most people agree are important
normative describes beliefs or values about how things should be or what people ought to do rather than what actually is
procedural guarantees government assurance that the rules will work smoothly and treat everyone fairly, with no promise of particular outcomes (free markets, majority rule, due process of law, etc.)
individualism belief that what is good for society is based on what is good for individuals
DEMOCRACY representative democracy is a fair way to make decisions`
FREEDOM procedural view that no unfair restrictions will be placed on you
EQUALITY Americans believe in equality of treatment, access, and opportunity but not equality of result
ideologies sets of beliefs about politics and society that help people make sense of their world
Conservatives people who generally favor limited government and are cautious about change; favor traditional social values, tight national security, and maintaining social order
Liberals people who generally favor government action and view change as progress; trust the government to make decisions, expansion of individual rights and expression, innovations to solve social problems
Conservatives emphasis on religion in public life (prayer in schools, display 10 commandments) rejection of abortion, doctor-assisted suicide, promotion of traditional family values and the "American Way"
Liberals preservation of environment (recycling laws, gas tax), equality laws (rules for political correctness, minorities). Promotion of individual safety (gun control, seatbelts, helmet laws)
Communitarians strong gov role in everything to make everyone equal
Politics who gets what, when, and how; a process of determining how power and resources are distributed in a society without recourse to violence
Power the ability to get others to do what you want
Social Order Way we organize and live our collective lives; helps to provide ourselves with goods and services we couldn't obtain alone
Legitimate accepted as right or proper
Authority power that people recognize as legitimate
Rules directives that specify how resources will be distributed or what procedures govern collective activity
Institutions organizations in which government power is exercised
Monarchy government power vested in a king or queen (Saudi Arabia)
Theocracy government claim to draw its power from divine or religious authority (Iran)
Fascist government policy is made for the ultimate glory of the state (Nazi Germany)
Oligarchy rule by a small group of elites
Totalitarian a system in which absolute control is exercised over every aspect of life (North Korea)
Anarchy absence of government and laws
Democracy government that vests power in the people
Popular Sovereignty citizens are the ultimate source of political power. There is no power higher than the people
Elite democracy limits the citizens' role to choosing among competing leaders
Pluralist democracy citizen membership in groups is the key to political power
Participatory democracy citizens should actively and directly control all aspects of their lives and participate in all aspects of lawmaking
Authoritarian systems individuals are subjects of their state government
subjects individuals who are obliged to submit to a government authority against which they have no rights
Democratic systems people are citizens
Citizens members of a political community having both rights and responsibilities, which include obeying laws, paying taxes, owning businesses, and participating in government
Republic a government in which decisions are made through representatives of the people
Factions groups that might pursue only their self-interest
Republic a government in which decisions are made through representatives of the people
Created by: that_girl_megan