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Classification Vocab

TermDefinition
Analogous Character/structure Structures of different species having similiar or corresponding function but not the same evolutionary orgin.
Biodiversity the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
Cladogram a diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits and that shows the evolutionary relationships between groups of organisms
Class (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders
Dichotomous Key an identificationkey that contains pairs of contrasting descriptions.
Domain most inclusive taxonomic group, larger than kingdom; three exist - bacteria, archaea, eukaryota
Evolution (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
Family the taxonomic category below the order and above the genus
Genus the level of classification that comes after family and that contains similar species
Habitat the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
Homologous Structure/character anatomical stuctures that share a common ancerstry.
Kingdom large taxonomic group, consisting of closely related phyla
Order the taxonomic category below the class and above the family
Phylogenic tree a branching diagram that shows how organisms are related through evolution
Phylum the taxonomic group below kingdom and above class
Population a group of organisms of the same species that live in a specific geographical area and interbreed
Species a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring; also the level of classification below genus and above subspecies
Created by: Christensent