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Cell Struct and Func

Cell Structure and Function Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Cell The smallest unit that can perform all life processes: cells are covered by a membrane and contain DNA and cytoplasm.
Cell Membrane(aka plasma membrane) a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell's environment.
Cell Wall a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell.
Chloroplast an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs.
Cytoplasm the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the fluid, the cytoskeleton, and all of the organelles except the nucleus.
Eukaryote an organism made up of cells that have a nuclues enclosed by a membrane, multiple chromosomes, and a mitotic cycle; eukatyotes include protists, animals, plants, and fungi but not archaea or bacteria.
mitochondrion in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration, which produces ATP.
Nucleus in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell's DNA and that has a role in processes such as growth, metabolism, and reproduction.
Organelle one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function.
Prokaryote a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles; examples are archaea and bacteria.
Ribosome a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of protein synthesis.
Vacuole a fluid-filled vesicle found in the cytoplasm of plant cells or protozoans.
Created by: Christensent