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Cell Cycle/Mitosis

TermDefinition
Centromere the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chromatids together during mitosis.
Gamete A haploid reproductive cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine with another haploid reproductive cell to form a diploid zygote.
meiosis A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells
Mitosis In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes.
sexual reproduction reproduction in which gametes from two parents unite.
anaphase 3rd phase; the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the centromere and move in opposite
cell cycle a repeating sequence of cellular growth and division during the life of an organism.
Centriole Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only, organizes the assembly of the spindles.
cytokinesis The final stage of the cell cycle, in which the cell's cytoplasm divides, distributing the organelles into each of the two new cells, producing 2 genetically identical cells.
G1 phase 1st growth phase, stage of interphase in which cell grows rapidly and performs its normal functions, cell decides if it is going to divide
G2 phase 2nd growth phase, Cell grows and prepares for mitosis
interphase Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for division; consists of G1, S, and G2 phases
metaphase Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned at plate. Fully formed spindle attach to the sister chromatids from opposite poles
prophase Centrioles move away from each other towards opposite sides of the cell, Nuclear membrane disintegrates,. chromatin form chromosomes, Longest phase
S phase The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interphase during which DNA is replicated.
Spindle A network of microtubules that forms during mitosis and moves chromatids to the poles.
telophase A nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes, and the chromosomes decondense. Mitosis is complete
Created by: Christensent