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Chapter 4


Consists of collagen and elastin fibers in soft, gel-like matrix Areolar Tissue
Dominated by fat cells. Forms supporting, protective pads around kidneys and various other structures Adipose Tissue
Consists of a loose network of reticular fibers and cells. Forms the framework of the spleen, lymph nodes and bone marrow Reticular Tissue
Types of Connective Tissue Fibrous connective tissue, cartilage, bone and blood.
Types of Loose Connective Tissues Aerolar Tissue, Adipose Tissue, and Reticular Tissue
Types of Dense Connective Tissue Tendons and Ligaments
Bands of Dense Connective Tissues. This forms bands or sheets and bind together the organs and muscles. Also forms a protective sheath around the kidneys, spleen, and nerves. Fascia
Adipose Fat
Framework into which the cells of tissue are embedded. Extracellular Matrix
Fibers that are strong and flexible but resist stretching; these are the most abundant fibers Collagenous Fibers
Occurs in networks and support small structures such as capillaries and nerve fibers Reticular Fibers
Made of protein called elastin these fibers can stretch and recoil like a rubber band Elastic Fibers
Cartlidge is fast to heal...True or False? False
Three types of cartilage Hyaline Cartilage, Elastic Cartilage and Fibrocartliage
What type of cartilage is found at the end of movable joints, at the point where the ribs attach to the breastbone, the larynx, and the supportive rings around the trachea? Also forms most of the fetal skeleton. Hyaline
What type of cartilage is flexible support to the external ear and epiglottis? Elastic Cartilage
What type of cartilage forms the discs between the vertebrae and in the knee joint because this cartilage resists compression and absorbs shock? Fibrocartilage
Osseous Tissue Bone
Contains mineral salt crystals Osseous Tissue/Bones
Stores Calcium Bones
Bone has a rich blood supply? True or False? True
Unique among the connective tissues in that it exist as a fluid Blood
Which connective tissue doesn't contain any fibers? Blood
Cartilage is composed of cells called? Chondrocytes
Cartlidge has a rubbery, flexible matrix? True or False? True
Has a high degree of excitability and conductivity Nervous Tissues
The units that conduct nervous impulses Neurons
What protects and assists the neurons? Neuroglia
Soma large cell body of the neuron
Dendrites extends from the soma, multiple, short processes.
Contains a single, long nerve fiber and transmits signals to other cells Axon
Consists of long, thin cells called muscle fibers Skeletal Muscle
Joined together with junctions called intercalated discs. These junctions allow electrical impulses to spread rapidly from cell to cell; this rapid transmission permits almost simultaneous stimulation and contraction. Cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is why type of muscle? Involuntary
Cardiac muscle is striated. True or False? True
Smooth muscle consists of long, spindle shaped cells and lacks the striped pattern of striated muscle. Is smooth muscle voluntary or involuntary? Involuntary
What type of muscle lines the walls of many organs, including those of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tract? Smooth Muscle
What occurs when damage tissue cells are replaced with the same type of cells, resulting in functional new tissue? Regeneration
What occurs when damaged tissue is replaced with scar tissue? Fibrosis
What are the 2 ways that tissue can repair itself? Regeneration and Fibrosis
When a wound is healing, the newly formed tissue is called? Granulation Tissues
Secretes collagen in the granulation tissue? Fibroblasts
Cutaneous Membrane is known as the ? Skin
Membrane that lines the body cavities is actually one continuous sheet. Serous Membrane
Membrane that surrounds each lung and lines the thoracic cavity Pleura
Membrane that surrounds the heart Pericardium
Membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs Peritoneum
Cartlidge forming cells Chondrocytes
Columnar Epithelium Epithelial tissue composed of cells having a tall, columnar shape
Cuboidal Epithellum Epithelial tissue consisting of cells having a cube- like shape
Endocrine gland A gland that secretes its product, called a hormone, directly into the bloodstream
Epithelium the layer of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes
Exocrine Gland A gland that secretes its product into a duct, which then empties onto a body surface or inside a body cavity.
Goblet Cell modified columnar cell containing secretory vesicles that produce large quantities of mucus
Mucous membrane Epithelial membrane that lines body surfaces that open directly to the body's exterior
Muscle Tissue Tissue consisting of contractile cells or fibers that effect movement of an organ or body part
Nervous Tissue Tissue with a high degree of excitability and conductivity that make up the nervous system
Osseous Tissue Bone
Bone-forming cells Osteocytes
Squamous Epithelium Epithelium tissue consisting of thin, flat cells
Stem Cells Specialized cell that can differentiate into many different types of cells
Tissue Groups of similar cells that perform a common function
Cardiac muscle is unique in that it doesn't depend upon stimulation by extrinsic nerves to contract. This is called ? Automaticity
Stratisfied means more than one layer
Created by: thirdghere