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SCRN Syndromes

SCRN syndromes

QuestionAnswer
What is Wallenberg syndrome? CONTRALATERAL decrease in pain and temp sensation to trunk, IPSILATERAL decrease in pain and temp sensation in face, dysphagia, dysarthria, dysphonia (impairment of voice)
Damage to what brain structure can cause Wallenberg Syndrome? Medulla; PICA territory
What is Parinaud's Syndrome? Impaired up-gaze, convergence-reaction nystagmus, primary conjugate down-gaze (setting-sun sign)
Damage to what brain structure can cause Parinaud's Syndrome? Midbrain; PCA territory
What is Balint's Syndrome? Gaze apraxia (difficulty fixating eyes), optic ataxia (inability to move hand to object using sight), & simultagnosia (can't perceive visual field as whole)
Damage to what area can cause Balint's Syndrome? Bilateral PCA area
What is Weber's Syndrome? 3rd nerve palsy, contralateral hemiplegia, and bulbular muscle dysfunction (chewing, speech, swallow dysf)
Damage to what area can cause Weber's Syndrome? Stroke in midbrain; central PCA territory
What is Claude's syndrome? 3rd nerve palsy with cerebellar signs
What can cause Claude's syndrome? Stroke in midbrain
What is Benedikt's syndrome? 3rd nerve palsy with dystonia and/or tremors
What can cause Benedikt's syndrome? Stroke in midbrain
What is Horner's Syndrome? Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
What is Millard-Gabler Syndrome? Also known as ventral-pontine syndrome, it's s/s indicative of pontine damage (diplopia, inability to rotate the affected eye outward, ipsilateral weakness of facial muscles, & loss of corneal reflex. If corticospinal tract damage, also contra. weakness
Created by: DZLJAD