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Unit 1a

Science Inquiry Key Terms 2017 - 2018

TermDefinition
Causality The relationship between something that happens or exists and the thing that causes it
Cause A person or thing that acts, happens, or exists in such a way that some specific thing happens as a result
Effect Something that is produced by an agency or cause; result; consequence:
Structure The arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex
Function The special purpose or activity for which a thing exists or is used
System A group of related parts that move or work together
Scale Used to describe a model, drawing, etc., in which all of the parts of something relate to each other in the same way that they do in the larger form
Proportion Comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio
Stability The condition of being reliable or unlikely to change suddenly or greatly
Change Make or become different
Matter Any substance which has mass and occupies space
Energy The ability to do work
Patterns A combination of qualities, acts, tendencies, etc., forming a consistent or characteristic arrangement
Scientific Methods A method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically tested
Hypothesis A statement that explains or makes generalizations about a set of facts or principles, usually forming a basis for possible experiments to confirm its viability
Scientific Theory A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena. Most theories that are accepted by scientists have been repeatedly tested by experiments and can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena
Law a phenomenon of nature that has been proven to invariably occur whenever certain conditions exist or are met
Experiment A scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact.
Metric System The decimal measuring system based on the meter, liter, and gram as units of length, capacity, and weight or mass.
Dependent Variable A dependent variable is what you measure in the experiment and what is affected during the experiment.
Independent Variable A variable that is intentionally changed to observe its effect on the dependent variable.
Control Variable A variable that is held constant in order to assess or clarify the relationship between two other variables.
Scientific notation A method of expressing numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10.
Skepticism An attitude of doubt
Investigation Detailed or careful examination of the facts
Apparatus A tool or piece of equipment used for specific activities
Technique A way of carrying out a particular task
Protocol A plan for a scientific experiment or for medical treatment
Computation Finding an answer by using mathematics or logic
Estimation A rough calculation of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something
Phenomena A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question
Scientific inquiry The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence derived from their work
Ethics Moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity
Context The circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, in terms that can be fully understood and assessed
Contextual Depending on or relating to the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea
Evidence The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid
Formulate To create a strategy or come up with a plan or idea, or to express an idea in a clear, concise way
Replication The action of copying or reproducing something
Mean The average of the numbers
Median The "middle" value in a list of numbers
Mode The number which appears most often in a set of numbers
Created by: darrin_evans