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T#9 Taxonomy

This stack includes both terms/defs AND "target practice" with images.

classify to put things into groups based on similarities
taxonomy the science of classifying and naming organisms
dichotomous key “two choice” method of finding the name of an organism; comes in two forms: list style, and branching chart style
binomial nomenclature the “two-name naming-system” used in science to descriptively name organisms using Latin and Greek, invented by Linnaeus
common name the name people call an organism on an every-day basis…the name varies based on where you live
scientific name the name used by scientists to refer to an organism using binomial nomenclature
phylogeny the evolutionary history of an organism
locomotion moving from place to place
producer organism in an ecosystem who makes its own food
consumer organism in an ecosystem who has to eat other organisms
decomposer a type of consumer in an ecosystem that gets its food by eating dead or decaying materials
etymology the history of a word, especially the meanings of Greek and Latin word origins
autotrophs organisms that make food for themselves (ety: auto = self, troph = feeding), also called producers (adjective = autotrophic)
heterotrophs organisms that must eat to get energy (ety: hetero = other, troph = feeding), also called consumers (adjective = heterotrophic)
prokaryotes organisms that do not have a cell nucleus (ety: pro = before, karyo = kernel
eukaryotes organisms that have a cell nucleus (ety: eu = true, karyo = kernel
asexual reproduction involving only one parent
sexual reproduction involving two parents
multicellular made of many cells
unicellular made of only one cell
domain largest taxonomic category...Eukarya is an example
kingdom second largest taxonomic category...Animalia is an example
genus second smallest taxonomic group...Canis is an example (as in Canis familiaris - the dog)
species smallest taxonomic group...familiaris is an example (as in Canis familiaris - the dog)
Archaea kingdom containing unicellular prokaryotes that live in extreme environments
Bacteria kingdom containing unicellular prokaryotes that live everywhere EXCEPT the most extreme places
Protista kingdom containing uni- and simple multicellular eukaryotes that live mostly in wet places
Fungi kingdom containing uni- and multicellular eukaryotes that are important as decomposers
Plantae kingdom containing only multicellular eukaryotes that are all producers
Animalia kingdom containing only multicellular eukaryotes that are all consumers or decomposers
Created by: wholt