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T#4 Grow & Repr

This stack includes both terms/defs AND "target practice" with images.

growth when an organism increases in size either by making its cell bigger or by making more cells
development when an organism gains new abilities or physical features as it ages
reproduction when an organism makes more of its kind ('has babies')
sexual adjective to describe reproduction with two parents - each parent contributes half of the genetic material to the offspring
sperm male reproductive cell
egg female reproductive cell
fertilization when sperm and egg combine to form offspring
zygote name for the fertilized egg when it is still just a single cell
asexual adjective to describe reproduction with only one parent
regeneration asexual reproduction to replace damaged or lost cells, tissues, or organs in a multicellular organism
budding asexual reproduction when the offspring grows from the body of the single multicellular organism
offspring science name for the 'babies' or 'children' of a parent
cell division process a cell goes through to split its cellular contents in half and then separate into two cells
DNA molecule (located in the nucleus) that contains the instructions for how to make an organism; also called genetic material
genetic variation differences in DNA when comparing one organism to another
unique adjective to describe how an organism is 'one of a kind,' genetically speaking
identical adjective to describe how an organism is an 'exact copy,' genetically speaking
reproductive behavior actions an animal does to increase its chances of successfully finding a mate, mating, or raising offspring
reproductive strategy adaptations a plant has that increase its chances of successfully getting pollinated or making sure its seeds will make it to germination
reproductive success when an organism makes offspring that end up having offspring of their own
germination process where a seed comes out of dormancy and begins to grow to become a young plant
quantify when you count something or describe it with numbers
measure when you quantify using a tool that counts in standard units
units what you count by when you measure a certain quantity
metric system the way measurement is done everywhere in the world (except the United States) using grams, meters, and liters…all using decimals and powers of ten
English system the way measurement is done in the United States using pounds, feet, gallons, etc.
cotyledon ‘seed leaf,’ the biggest part of a seed which provides energy for the young plant until it can make its own food by doing photosynthesis
seed coat protective outer covering of a seed before it germinates
radicle the first root put out by a germinating seed
fission asexual reproduction when bacteria split into two daughter cells
Created by: wholt