Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

MS-1 ch 52

musculoskeletal

QuestionAnswer
TYPE of bone: have rounded ends/weight baring femur long bones
completely immovable joint: synarthrodial
freely movable joint: diathrodial (synovial)
slightly movable joint: amphiarthrodial
ex. of synarthrodial joint (completely immovable); cranium/skull
ex. of an amphiarthrodial-slightly movable joint: pelvis
ex. of a freely movable - diathrodial/synovial joint: elbow/knee
___ controls smooth and cardiac muscle: autonomic nervous system
__ & ___ controls the skeletal muscle: central & peripheral nervous system
which 2 types of muscles are "involuntary": smooth and cardiac
which type of muscle is 'voluntary' : skeletal
what causes a muscle to "atrophy": when muscles are not regularly exercised and they deteriorate from disuse
the aging process causes muscle fibers to ___: decrease in size and number, not matter how well-conditioned th eadult is
activities such as __ can reduce risk factors for osteoporosis and maintain muscle strength: walking
severe form of osteopenia – effects mostly thin white women osteoporosis
__&__ can slow the progression of atrophy and restore muscle strength: increased activity and exercise
condition causes postural/gait changes and predisposes the person to fractures: osteoporosis
decreased bone density/bone loss as one ages: osteopenia
osteoporosis is a disease that is a severe form of ___: osteopenia
occurs when synovial joint cartilage becomes less elastic / damaged as a person ages: osteoarthritis
osteoarthritis: joint cartilage becomes damaged w/ aging/continued use
swayback/ pregnancy/ posture where lumbar curve is exaggerated: lordosis
exaggerated thoracic curvature; older adults: kyphosis
scoliosis: C/S shaped spinal curvature/school-aged children
abnormalty in stance phase of gait: antalgic
abnormalty in swing phase of gait: lurch
lurch gait-shoulders move __ from side to side to help shift weight from one leg to another (swings shoulders)
lordosis is often seen in who: pregnant people
anxiety and depression are common in people with: chronic pain
the serum CK level begins to rise _ - _ hours after muscle injury: 2-4 hours
3-D image to detect musculoskeletal problems of vertebral column/joints: CT-computed tomography
used to detect tumors/less common today/detects unexplained bone pain: bone scan
imaging most appropriate for joints/bony tumore involving SOFT tissue: MRI
helps DIAGNOSE neuromuscular disorders and peripheral nerve disorders: EMG-electromyography
what is involved in an EMG test: temporary discomfort, mildsedation, electrical stimulation to show muscle contractions, degree of muscle activity
ARTHROSCOPY: fiberoptic tuve inserted into a joint for direct visualization of ligaments, articular surfaces of the joint
who is NOT a good candidate for arthroscopy: those who cannot flex the knee at least 40* and those with a joint infection
what is done after an arthroscopy: ice is used for 24 hours/extremity is elevated for 12-24 hours
lab test that shows acromegaly: serum phosphorus
lab test that shows mestatic cancers and Pagett's disease: ALP-alkaline phosphatase
2 lab tests that show muscular dystrophy: LDH & AST
lab test that reveals muscle trauma: CK (creatinine kinase
tests for mestatic cancers and bone fractures: serum calcium
proximal weakness: myopathy
distal weakness: neuropathy
assess for allergies to __: dairy products (causes decreased calcium intake)
drugs like __ can effect calcium metabolism / promote bone loss: steroids
who is most at risk for trauma related to motor vehicle crashes?? young men
lactose intolderance can cause inadequate __ intake: calcium
inadequate __, __ & __ indiet can slow bone/tissue healing: protein, vitamin C & vitamin D
eating disorders put people at risk for : osteoporosis related to decreased intake of calcium and vitamin D
2 genetic disorders/family history importance: osteoporosis & gout
Created by: lje0002